Bacterial translocation and its consequences in patients with cirrhosis.

  title={Bacterial translocation and its consequences in patients with cirrhosis.},
  author={Carlos Guarner and Germ{\'a}n Soriano},
  journal={European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology},
  volume={17 1},
Bacterial translocation is the passage of viable bacteria from the intestinal lumen to mesenteric lymph nodes and other extraintestinal sites. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is the main clinical consequence of bacterial translocation in cirrhosis. Translocation of bacterial products of viable or non-viable bacteria, such as endotoxin and/or bacterial DNA, through the intestinal wall could stimulate the immune system and the hyperdynamic circulatory state in cirrhosis with clinical… CONTINUE READING