Bacterial solutions to multicellularity: a tale of biofilms, filaments and fruiting bodies

@article{Claessen2014BacterialST,
  title={Bacterial solutions to multicellularity: a tale of biofilms, filaments and fruiting bodies},
  author={Dennis Claessen and Daniel E. Rozen and Oscar P. Kuipers and Lotte S{\o}gaard-Andersen and Gilles P. van Wezel},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  year={2014},
  volume={12},
  pages={115-124}
}
Although bacteria frequently live as unicellular organisms, many spend at least part of their lives in complex communities, and some have adopted truly multicellular lifestyles and have abandoned unicellular growth. These transitions to multicellularity have occurred independently several times for various ecological reasons, resulting in a broad range of phenotypes. In this Review, we discuss the strategies that are used by bacteria to form and grow in multicellular structures that have… 
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