Bacterial rhodopsin: evidence for a new type of phototrophy in the sea.

@article{Bj2000BacterialRE,
  title={Bacterial rhodopsin: evidence for a new type of phototrophy in the sea.},
  author={Oded B{\'e}j{\`a} and L. Aravind and Eugene V. Koonin and M. T. Suzuki and Andrew G. Hadd and L P Nguyen and Stevan B. Jovanovich and Chris Gates and Robert Alan Feldman and John L. Spudich and Elena N. Spudich and Edward F. Delong},
  journal={Science},
  year={2000},
  volume={289 5486},
  pages={
          1902-6
        }
}
Extremely halophilic archaea contain retinal-binding integral membrane proteins called bacteriorhodopsins that function as light-driven proton pumps. So far, bacteriorhodopsins capable of generating a chemiosmotic membrane potential in response to light have been demonstrated only in halophilic archaea. We describe here a type of rhodopsin derived from bacteria that was discovered through genomic analyses of naturally occuring marine bacterioplankton. The bacterial rhodopsin was encoded in the… 
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