Bacterial metabolism and health‐related effects of galacto‐oligosaccharides and other prebiotics

@article{Macfarlane2008BacterialMA,
  title={Bacterial metabolism and health‐related effects of galacto‐oligosaccharides and other prebiotics},
  author={George T. Macfarlane and Helen Steed and Sandra Macfarlane},
  journal={Journal of Applied Microbiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={104}
}
Most studies involving prebiotic oligosaccharides have been carried out using inulin and its fructo‐oligosaccharide (FOS) derivatives, together with various forms of galacto‐oligosaccharides (GOS). Although many intestinal bacteria are able to grow on these carbohydrates, most investigations have demonstrated that the growth of bifidobacteria, and to a lesser degree lactobacilli, is particularly favoured. Because of their safety, stability, organoleptic properties, resistance to digestion in… 
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The most striking observation was that Olsenella became a dominant genus comparable with Bifidobacterium after FOS treatment, and one strain of Olsenella was confirmed, for the first time, to be capable of using FOS.
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