Bacterial biofilms: from the Natural environment to infectious diseases

  title={Bacterial biofilms: from the Natural environment to infectious diseases},
  author={L. Hall-Stoodley and J. Costerton and P. Stoodley},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  • L. Hall-Stoodley, J. Costerton, P. Stoodley
  • Published 2004
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology
  • Biofilms — matrix-enclosed microbial accretions that adhere to biological or non-biological surfaces — represent a significant and incompletely understood mode of growth for bacteria. Biofilm formation appears early in the fossil record (∼3.25 billion years ago) and is common throughout a diverse range of organisms in both the Archaea and Bacteria lineages, including the 'living fossils' in the most deeply dividing branches of the phylogenetic tree. It is evident that biofilm formation is an… CONTINUE READING

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