Bacterial biofilm on successful and failed orthodontic mini-implants--a scanning electron microscopy study.

@article{Ferreira2015BacterialBO,
  title={Bacterial biofilm on successful and failed orthodontic mini-implants--a scanning electron microscopy study.},
  author={Nayra Oliveira Ferreira and Marcela Cristina Dami{\~a}o Andrucioli and Paulo Nelson-Filho and Eduardo Pereira Zanella and Alberto Consolaro and F{\'a}bio Lourenço Romano and M{\'i}rian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto},
  journal={Microscopy research and technique},
  year={2015},
  volume={78 12},
  pages={1112-6}
}
Mini-implants have been extensively used in Orthodontics as temporary bone anchorage devices. However, early failure of mini-implants due to mobility might occur and the colonization of their surfaces by pathogenic bacteria has been referred to as one of the contributing factors. In this study, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to assess the presence of microorganisms adhered to the surface of mini-implants that failed due to loss of stability. Twelve self-drilling titanium mini… CONTINUE READING