Bacterial DNA activates endothelial cells and promotes neutrophil adherence through TLR9 signaling.

TLR9 detects bacterial DNA (CpG DNA) and elicits both innate and adoptive immunity. Recent evidence indicates that TLR9 is expressed in more diverse cell types than initially thought. In this study, we report that HUVECs constitutively express TLR9 and selectively recognize unmethylated CpG motifs in bacterial DNA and synthetic immune stimulatory CpG… CONTINUE READING