My experience related in this article is based on work in a county where there are schools of all sizes. It is agreed that educational backwardness should be tackled in the Junior school; the question is how this can be done in a county area. In the town where there are Junior and Infant schools of 200 or 300 children it is possible to run backward classes of 20-25 children in each Junior department if necessary. Where there are two or three Junior departments, one backward class may adequate ly serve the entire Junior school population, depend1^ on the number of backward children. A slig1^ difficulty may arise over the transfer of childr? from one type of school to another, but this can overcome, in my experience, by visiting the pareo and getting their co-operation. .