Backward and forward walking use different patterns of phase-dependent modulation of cutaneous reflexes in humans.

@article{Duysens1996BackwardAF,
  title={Backward and forward walking use different patterns of phase-dependent modulation of cutaneous reflexes in humans.},
  author={Jacques Duysens and A. A. M. Tax and Lars H P Murrer and Volker H. Dietz},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  year={1996},
  volume={76 1},
  pages={301-10}
}
1. The phase-dependent modulation of medium-latency (P2) (70-80 ms) responses in semitendinosus (ST), biceps femoris (BF), rectus femoris (RF), and tibialis anterior (TA) was studied with the use of low-intensity stimulation (2 times perception threshold) of the sural nerve. The shocks were given in a random order at 16 phases of the step cycle in 10 normal subjects during forward walking (FW) or backward walking (BW) on a treadmill. 2. All subjects exhibited P2 responses in all muscles studied… CONTINUE READING
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