Backpacker Personal Development, Generalized Self-Efficacy, and Self-Esteem: Testing a Structural Model

@article{Chen2019BackpackerPD,
  title={Backpacker Personal Development, Generalized Self-Efficacy, and Self-Esteem: Testing a Structural Model},
  author={Ganghua Chen and S. Huang and Xianyang Hu},
  journal={Journal of Travel Research},
  year={2019},
  volume={58},
  pages={680 - 694}
}
Guided by self-determination theory (SDT), this study aims to advance the theoretical understanding of backpacker personal development (BPD) by examining its relationships with two important social-psychological constructs, that is, generalized self-efficacy (GSE) and self-esteem (SE). Using two samples from different cultural groups (Chinese backpackers, n=230; Western backpackers, n=242) and applying the partial least squares structural equation modeling, the study found that among Chinese… Expand
Backpacker Identity: Scale Development and Validation

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