Backlog and burden of fractures in Sierra Leone and Nepal: Results from nationwide cluster randomized, population-based surveys.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The burden of injury is increasing worldwide; planning for its impact on population health and health systems is urgently needed, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to model the burden of fractures and project costs to eliminate avertable fracture-related disability-adjusted life-years (i.e., a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or premature death; DALYs) in Sierra Leone and Nepal. METHODS Data from nationwide, cluster-randomized, community-based surveys of surgical need in Sierra Leone and Nepal were used to model the incidence and prevalence of fractures stratified by met and unmet needs. DALYs incurred from treated and untreated fractures were estimated. Additionally, the investment necessary to eliminate avertable incident fracture DALYs was modeled through 2025 using published cost per DALY averted estimates. RESULTS The incidence of treated and untreated fractures in Sierra Leone was 570 and 1004 fractures per 100,000 persons, respectively. There could be more than 2 million avertable fracture DALYs by 2025 in Sierra Leone and 2.5 million in Nepal requiring an estimated US$ 4,049,932 (range US$ 2,011,500-6,088,364) and US$ 4,962,402 (range US$ 2,464,701-7,460,103) to address this excess burden, respectively. CONCLUSION This study identified a significant burden of untreated fractures in both countries, and an opportunity to avert more than 4.5 million DALYs in 10 years in a cost-effective manner. Prioritizing funding mechanisms for orthopaedic care and implants should be considered given the large burden of untreated fractures found in both countries and the long-term savings and functional benefit from properly treated fractures.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.07.009

Cite this paper

@article{Stewart2016BacklogAB, title={Backlog and burden of fractures in Sierra Leone and Nepal: Results from nationwide cluster randomized, population-based surveys.}, author={Barclay T. Stewart and Adam L. Kushner and Thaim Buya Kamara and Sunil Shrestha and Shailvi Gupta and Reinou S. Groen and Ben Nwomeh and Richard Andre Gosselin and David A Spiegel}, journal={International journal of surgery}, year={2016}, volume={33 Pt A}, pages={49-54} }