Backed tools in Middle Pleistocene central Africa and their evolutionary significance.

@article{Barham2002BackedTI,
  title={Backed tools in Middle Pleistocene central Africa and their evolutionary significance.},
  author={Lawrence Barham},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2002},
  volume={43 5},
  pages={585-603}
}
The fashioning of stone inserts for composite tools by blunting flakes and blades is a technique usually associated with Late Pleistocene modern humans. Recent reports from two sites in south central Africa (Twin Rivers and Kalambo Falls) suggest that this backed tool technology originated in the later Middle Pleistocene with early or "archaic" Homo sapiens. This paper investigates these claims critically from the perspective of the potential mixing of Middle and Later Stone Age deposits at the… CONTINUE READING

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