Bacillus cytotoxicus sp. nov. is a novel thermotolerant species of the Bacillus cereus Group occasionally associated with food poisoning.

@article{Guinebretire2013BacillusCS,
  title={Bacillus cytotoxicus sp. nov. is a novel thermotolerant species of the Bacillus cereus Group occasionally associated with food poisoning.},
  author={M H Guinebreti{\`e}re and Sandrine Auger and Nathalie Galleron and Matthias Contzen and Beno{\^i}t de Sarrau and Marie-Laure De Buyser and Gilles Lamberet and Annette Fagerlund and Per Einar Granum and Didier Lereclus and Paul de Vos and Christophe Nguyen-th{\'e} and Alexei Sorokin},
  journal={International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={63 Pt 1},
  pages={
          31-40
        }
}
An aerobic endospore-forming bacillus (NVH 391-98(T)) was isolated during a severe food poisoning outbreak in France in 1998, and four other similar strains have since been isolated, also mostly from food poisoning cases. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, these strains were shown to belong to the Bacillus cereus Group (over 97% similarity with the current Group species) and phylogenetic distance from other validly described species of the genus Bacillus was less than 95%. Based on 16S… 
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