Babylonian observational astronomy

  title={Babylonian observational astronomy},
  author={A. Sachs},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences},
  pages={43 - 50}
  • A. Sachs
  • Published 1974
  • History
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
The cuneiform texts from ancient Assyria and Babylonia that are preserved offer direct evidence for systematic astronomical observation in two widely separated periods. From the first half of the second millennium B.C., later tradition has transmitted the dates of successive Venus appearances and disappearances in the reign of a king of the First Dynasty of Babylon. From the middle of the eighth century B.C. to the middle of the first century B.C. are preserved a large number of fragments of… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Earliest datable records of aurora-like phenomena in the astronomical diaries from Babylonia
Results of a survey of aurora-like phenomena in ADB, spanning from BCE 652 to BCE 61, have been presented and it is suggested that five records can be considered as likely candidate for aurora observations. Expand
Babylonian Astrology: Its Origin and Legacy in Europe
Astrology in the twentieth century West has a central place in popular culture, at least if we judge from the spread of horoscope columns in the press and popular magazines. There has been littleExpand
Babylonian mathematics, astrology, and astronomy
In no domain has the influence of ancient Mesopotamia on Western civilization been more profound and decisive than in theoretical astronomy and, principally through it, mathematics. Indeed, in theExpand
  • E. Glover
  • Philosophy
  • The Classical Quarterly
  • 2014
Reports of lunar and solar eclipses are of interest to students of both history and the history of science. Used with care, they can anchor significant historical events in time. Greek literature,Expand
Declinations in the Almagest: accuracy, epoch, and observers
Almagest declinations attributed to Timocharis, Aristyllos, Hipparchus, and Ptolemy are investigated through comparisons of the reported declinations with the declinations computed from modernExpand
Aurorae: The earliest datable observation of the aurora borealis
The Late Babylonian astronomical texts, discovered at the site of Babylon (32.5°N, 44.4°E) more than a century ago, contain what is probably the earliest reliable account of the aurora borealis. AExpand
A Study of Babylonian Goal-Year Planetary Astronomy
Throughout the Late Babylonian Period, Mesopotamian astronomers made nightly observations of the planets, Moon and stars. Based on these observations, they developed several different techniques forExpand
The Gaugamela battle eclipse: An archaeoastronomical analysis
A total lunar eclipse occurred during the night preceding the decisive Battle of Gaugamela (20th September 331 BCE), when the Macedonian army, led by Alexander the Great, finally defeated the PersianExpand
Mesopotamia, 482–330 B.C.
Xerxes and his successors succeeded in consolidating imperial control over Mesopotamia. There is, at least, no explicit record of Babylonian resistance to Achaemenid rule after the revolts in theExpand
Comets, Historical Records and Vedic Literature
A verse in Book One of the Rigveda mentions a cosmic tree with rope-like aerial roots held up in the sky. Such an imagery might have ensued from the appearance of a comet having a ‘tree stem’-likeExpand