author={Cheryl Regehr},
  journal={Journal of Loss and Trauma},
  pages={114 - 97}
  • C. Regehr
  • Published 16 February 2005
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Loss and Trauma
ABSTRACT Paramedics are exposed to events involving suffering and tragedy and consequently may experience posttraumatic stress symptoms and depression. Family support is a primary mediator of these reactions, yet family members may be vulnerable to transmitted stress and distress. This qualitative study explores the impact of trauma exposure on spouses of paramedics. Issues identified included managing everyday job stress, safety fears, and dealing with the paramedic's emotional reactivity and… 

Daily dynamics of stress in Canadian paramedics and their spouses

ABSTRACT Due to the unique demands of their job, paramedics have been identified as high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder and trauma-related symptoms (Regehr, Goldberg, & Hughes, 2002). There

Paramedics' experiences of potentially traumatic events and their coping styles: an interpretative phenomenological analysis

Introduction: Existing literature on trauma and coping with traumatic events in paramedics has often concentrated on the concept of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), using quantitative

Occupational stress, paramedic informal coping strategies: a review of the literature

Frontline ambulance staff have high rates of sickness absence; far greater than any other National Health Service worker. Reports suggest that many of these instances are attributable to stress,

An exploration of the support needs of ambulance paramedics

This study was a qualitative exploration of the experiences of ambulance paramedics through interviewing, in dealing with the day to day aspects of their work in the context of their long term health and well-being.

Exploring the nature of resilience in paramedic practice: A psycho-social study.

The impact of paramedic shift work on the family system: a literature review

Aims: More paramedics than ever are taking time off or leaving the ambulance service through stress; career decisions could be greatly influenced by the perceived impact of shift work on families.

Experiences of families of public safety personnel: a systematic review protocol of qualitative evidence

This systematic review aims to understand how day-to-day family life is affected and shaped when a family member works in a public safety sector, such as fire, police, paramedic, corrections, and emergency communications.

The mental health and wellbeing of spouses, partners and children of emergency responders: A systematic review

Emergency responders (ERs), often termed First Responders, such as police, fire and paramedic roles are exposed to occupational stressors including high workload, and exposure to trauma from critical

Murder at the Dinner Table: Family Narratives of Forensic Mental Health Professionals*

Abstract Stemming from work on emergency professionals directly affected by trauma exposure, attention has turned to the impact of work-related trauma on their families, including media and public

Public Safety Personnel Family Resilience: A Narrative Review

The families of public safety personnel (PSP) face demands that are unique to these occupations. Nonstandard work, trauma exposure, and dangerous work environments affect both workers and the



Exposure to human tragedy, empathy, and trauma in ambulance paramedics.

This mixed-methods study attempts to better understand factors that lead to higher levels of distress among paramedics within the theoretical framework of emotional and cognitive empathy.

Posttraumatic Symptoms and Disability in Paramedics

Although social support and trauma symptoms were associated with the use of MHS leave, in this study, personality style was the strongest factor differentiating those individuals who took MHS left from those who did not.

Ambulance personnel and critical incidents

The mental health and emotional well-being of ambulance personnel appear to be compromised by accident and emergency work.

Predicting symptomatic distress in emergency services personnel.

This study identified predictors of symptomatic distress in emergency services (EMS) personnel exposed to traumatic critical incidents and strengthens the literature linking dissociative tendencies and experiences to distress from exposure to traumatic stressors.

Female partners of Vietnam veterans: stress by proximity.

A retrospective, descriptive study attempts to explore and document the effects of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) on the female partner of the Vietnam veteran, the presence of any interrelated issues of PTSD and identified women’s issues, and the relationship between the veteran's symptoms and the woman's coping skills.

Family consequences of refugee trauma.

This study used a grounded-theory approach to analyze qualitative evidence from the CAFES multi-family support and education groups with Bosnian refugee families in Chicago to construct a model on the consequences of political violence for refugee families based upon a qualitative investigation.

Problems in families of male Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Compared with families of male veterans without current PTSD, families ofmale veterans with current PTSD showed markedly elevated levels of severe and diffuse problems in marital and family adjustment, in parenting skills, and in violent behavior.

Emotional transmission in couples under stress.

We examined emotional transmission in 68 couples in which one member was preparing to face a major stressful event, the New York State Bar Examination. This event is the final hurdle in the course of

The Adjustment of Children of Australian Vietnam Veterans: Is There Evidence for the Transgenerational Transmission of the Effects of War-Related Trauma?

The phenomenon of intergenerational transfer of PTSD in an Australian context and further focus on the role of wives/mothers in buffering the impact of veterans’ PTSD symptomatology on their children are indicated.

Individual Predictors of Posttraumatic Distress: A Structural Equation Model

While some emotional response to disturbing events may be normal, the severity of symptoms covaries with the ability of the individual to develop and sustain supportive relationships to buffer the impact of events.