BLACK OR WHITE?: RACIAL IDENTITY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY AFRICAN-AMERICAN ART

@article{Farrington2012BLACKOW,
  title={BLACK OR WHITE?: RACIAL IDENTITY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY AFRICAN-AMERICAN ART},
  author={Lisa E. Farrington},
  journal={Source: Notes in the History of Art},
  year={2012},
  volume={31},
  pages={5 - 12}
}
From the sixteenth century onward, the in stitutionalized rape of black slave women by white male slave owners led to the rapid growth of a biracial population whose ap pearance, at times, could hardly be distin guished from that of its white fathers. This well-documented historical phenomenon (addressed most infamously in the art of Kara Walker) forced enslaved African women, under threat of lashings or death, to submit passively to the sexual advances of their owners.1 In the words of Angela… 

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