Neurological complications are not uncommon in patients with renal transplantation, mostly affecting the central nervous system, and less frequently the peripheral nerves. BK virus infection is relatively common in transplant recipients and in some cases may lead to neurological complications. In this report, we present an interesting case of a patient who developed acute axonal motor polyneuropathy in the course of BK virus infection 3 months after kidney transplantation. After BK virus clearence in blood, a significant improvement was noted in her polyneuropathy. In patients with acute axonal motor polyneuropathy after transplantation BK virus-induced polyneuropathy should be excluded.