BICS and CALP: Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Distinction

@inproceedings{Cummins2007BICSAC,
  title={BICS and CALP: Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Distinction},
  author={Jim Cummins},
  year={2007}
}
  • Jim Cummins
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology
  • (CALP) was introduced by Cummins (1979, 1981a) in order to draw educators’ attention to the timelines and challenges that second language learners encounter as they attempt to catch up to their peers in academic aspects of the school language. BICS refers to conversational fluency in a language while CALP refers to students’ ability to understand and express, in both oral and written modes, concepts and ideas that are relevant to success in school. The terms conversational fluency and academic… CONTINUE READING

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