BATS : The Blind Audio Tactile Mapping System

@inproceedings{Parente2003BATST,
  title={BATS : The Blind Audio Tactile Mapping System},
  author={Peter Parente and Gary Bishop},
  year={2003}
}
The BATS project focuses on helping students with visual impairments access and explore spatial information using standard computer hardware and open source software. Our work is largely based on prior techniques used in presenting maps to the blind such as text-to-speech synthesis, auditory icons, and tactile feedback. We add spatial sound to position auditory icons and speech callouts in three dimensions, and use consumer-grade haptic feedback devices to provide additional map information… CONTINUE READING
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