Azole fungicides: occurrence and fate in wastewater and surface waters.

  title={Azole fungicides: occurrence and fate in wastewater and surface waters.},
  author={Maren Kahle and Ignaz J Buerge and Andrea Hauser and M. D. Charles F. Mueller and Thomas Poiger},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  volume={42 19},
The mode of action of azole compounds implies a potential to affect endocrine systems of different organisms and is reason for environmental concern. The occurrence and fate of nine agricultural azole fungicides, some of them also used as biocides, and four azole pharmaceuticals were studied in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and lakes in Switzerland. Two pharmaceuticals (fluconazole, clotrimazole, 10-110 ng L(-1)) and two biocides (propiconazole, tebuconazole, 1-30 ng L(-1)) were… CONTINUE READING

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