Axion topological field theory of topological superconductors

  title={Axion topological field theory of topological superconductors},
  author={Xiao-liang Qi and Edward Witten and Shou-Cheng Zhang},
  journal={Physical Review B},
Topological superconductors are gapped superconductors with gapless and topologically robust quasiparticles propagating on the boundary. In this paper, we present a topological field theory description of three-dimensional time-reversal invariant topological superconductors. In our theory the topological superconductor is characterized by a topological coupling between the electromagnetic field and the superconducting phase fluctuation, which has the same form as the coupling of "axions" with… 

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  • 2012