Awe, the small self, and prosocial behavior.

@article{Piff2015AweTS,
  title={Awe, the small self, and prosocial behavior.},
  author={Paul K. Piff and Pia Dietze and Matthew Feinberg and Daniel M Stancato and Dacher Keltner},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2015},
  volume={108 6},
  pages={
          883-99
        }
}
Awe is an emotional response to perceptually vast stimuli that transcend current frames of reference. Guided by conceptual analyses of awe as a collective emotion, across 5 studies (N = 2,078) we tested the hypothesis that awe can result in a diminishment of the individual self and its concerns, and increase prosocial behavior. In a representative national sample (Study 1), dispositional tendencies to experience awe predicted greater generosity in an economic game above and beyond other… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Awe’s effects on generosity and helping

It is unclear whether positive emotionality in general, or some specific positive emotions (e.g. other-oriented ones), but not others (e.g. self-oriented and, possibly, stimulus-oriented ones),

The awe-prosociality relationship: evidence for the role of context

ABSTRACT People in a state of awe have been found to perceive their needs as small while also expressing intentions to act in a prosocial way, benefitting others at personal cost. However, these

Elicited Awe Decreases Aggression

Awe is a feeling of wonder and amazement in response to experiencing something so vast that it transcends one's current frames of reference. Across three experiments (N = 557), we tested the

Awe and prosocial tendency

Feelings of positive awe have been hypothesized to promote prosocial behaviors in Western contexts. However, the emergent scientific study of awe rarely emphasizes the downstream effect of negative

Awe, the Diminished Self, and Collective Engagement: Universals and Cultural Variations in the Small Self

TLDR
It is proposed that awe diminishes the sense of self and shifts attention away from individual interests and concerns, fitting with claims that awe promotes integration into social groups.

Awe, Group Cohesion, and Religious Self-Sacrifice

ABSTRACT Awe is an emotion frequently experienced in religious contexts. Research has documented the effects of awe on feelings of small self, spirituality, and sense of interconnectedness. We extend

Awe, ideological conviction, and perceptions of ideological opponents.

TLDR
The findings indicate that awe may lead to uncertainty and ambivalence regarding one's attitudes, a form of epistemological humility, and that this in turn may promote reduced dogmatism and increased perceptions of social cohesion.

The Effect of Preceding Self-Control on Prosocial Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Awe

TLDR
Results indicated that the exertion of self-control was detrimental to prosocial behaviors and awe weakened the detrimental effects of exerting self- control on prosocial behavior, and these results were interpreted in terms of the protective inhibition ofSelf-regulation and motivation (PRISM) model.

From aesthetics to ethics: Testing the link between an emotional experience of awe and the motive of quixoteism on (un)ethical behavior

According to the awe-quixoteism hypothesis, one experience of awe may lead to the engagement in challenging actions aimed at increasing the welfare of the world. However, what if the action involves
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES

The nature of awe: Elicitors, appraisals, and effects on self-concept

Awe has been defined as an emotional response to perceptually vast stimuli that overwhelm current mental structures, yet facilitate attempts at accommodation. Four studies are presented showing the

The sociocultural appraisals, values, and emotions (SAVE) framework of prosociality: core processes from gene to meme.

TLDR
This work considers how phenomena such as altruistic punishment, prosocial contagion, self-other similarity, and numerous others give rise to prosocial behavior and extends the reasoning to chart the biological underpinnings of prosociality and apply the framework to understand the role of social class in prossociality.

Awe Activates Religious and Spiritual Feelings and Behavioral Intentions

In two experiments, we investigated the role of awe in activating the association between religiosity/spirituality and related feelings and behavioral intentions. In Experiment 1, the induction of

Elevation Leads to Altruistic Behavior

TLDR
Evidence is provided that witnessing another person’s altruistic behavior elicits elevation, a discrete emotion that, in turn, leads to tangible increases in altruism.

Psychological Entitlement: Interpersonal Consequences and Validation of a Self-Report Measure

TLDR
The Psychological Entitlement Scale was found to be reliable and valid, not associated with social desirability, stable across time, and correlated negatively with two of the Big Five factors: agreeableness and emotional stability.

Having less, giving more: the influence of social class on prosocial behavior.

TLDR
Mediator and moderator data showed that lower class individuals acted in a more prosocial fashion because of a greater commitment to egalitarian values and feelings of compassion, and implications for social class, prosocial behavior, and economic inequality are discussed.

Prosociality: the contribution of traits, values, and self-efficacy beliefs.

TLDR
The findings corroborated the posited paths of relations, with agreeableness directly predicting self-transcendence and indirectly predicting empathic self-efficacy beliefs and prosociality and provided guidance to interventions aimed at promoting Prosociality.

Transcendent Experiences in Wild and Manicured Settings: The Influence of the Trait “Connectedness to Nature”

Abstract Research has overwhelmingly shown that spending time in nature can be beneficial. Yet the field is dominated by studies focusing on cognitive and emotional outcomes and on only two settings

Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion

TLDR
It is suggested that two appraisals are central and are present in all clear cases of awe: perceived vastness, and a need for accommodation, defined as an inability to assimilate an experience into current mental structures.
...