Avoiding the 'costs' of testosterone: ecological bases of hormone-behavior interactions.

  title={Avoiding the 'costs' of testosterone: ecological bases of hormone-behavior interactions.},
  author={John C Wingfield and Sharon E. Lynn and Kiran K. Soma},
  journal={Brain, behavior and evolution},
  volume={57 5},
A combination of laboratory and field investigations of birds has shown that expression of behavior such as territorial aggression can occur throughout the year in many species and in different life history stages. Although it is well known that testosterone regulates territorial aggression in males during the breeding season, the correlation of plasma testosterone and aggression appears to be limited to periods of social instability when a male is challenged for his territory by another male… CONTINUE READING
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