Avoiding Ableist Language: Suggestions for Autism Researchers

  title={Avoiding Ableist Language: Suggestions for Autism Researchers},
  author={Kristen Bottema‐Beutel and Steven Kenneth Kapp and Jessica Nina Lester and Noah J. Sasson and Brittany N. Hand},
In this commentary, we describe how language used to communicate about autism within much of autism research can reflect and perpetuate ableist ideologies (i.e., beliefs and practices that discrimi... 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Does Language Matter? Identity-First Versus Person-First Language Use in Autism Research: A Response to Vivanti

It is argued that the use of language in autism research has material consequences for autistic people including stigmatisation, dehumanisation, and violence, and that the debate in theUse of person- first language versus identity-first language should centre first and foremost on the needs, autonomy, and rights of autistic people to preserve their rights to self-determination.

Commentary: Considering nomenclature for autism - aligning with the language preferences of the autistic community - a commentary on Kehinde et al. (2021).

There are misalignments around the language the authors use in society to discuss autism and autistic people, including Asperger syndrome, functioning labels, severity assumptions, the language of disorder and identity-first compared to person-first language.

Examination of professional biases about autism: How can we do better?

A critical eye is lent to six common assumptions/biases about autism that may influence neuropsychologists in their clinical work and encourages the profession to take a leadership role in examining biases and changing the clinical and research landscape so that it better reflects respectful discourse for individuals on the autism spectrum.

A Letter to the Editor Regarding Bambara et al. (2021), "Using Peer Supports to Encourage Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder to Show Interest in Their Conversation Partners".

  • N. Keates
  • Medicine
    Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • 2022
There is clear value in teaching skills that are wanted by autistic people and Bambara et al.'s (2021) study is constructed based on only a neurotypical system of interpretation or communication style.

Applied Behaviour Analysis for Autism: Evidence, Issues, and Implementation Barriers

There is an urgent need to reconcile differences between autism advocacy and scientific communities, develop mutual understanding between these communities, work together on research focused on promoting implementation, and to influence policy.

Exploring an e-learning community’s response to the language and terminology use in autism from two massive open online courses on autism education and technology use

Comments from members of the autistic and autism community and professionals were analysed together using thematic analysis, to identify shared opinions on what, why and how language should be used when describing autism across stakeholder groups.

Annual Research Review: Shifting from ‘normal science’ to neurodiversity in autism science

This review focuses on three major challenges to the conventional medical paradigm - an overfocus on deficits, an emphasis on the individual as opposed to their broader context and a narrowness of perspective - each of which necessarily constrains what the authors can know about autism and how they are able to know it.

Effectiveness of the SCERTS Model-Based Interventions for Autistic Children: A Systematic Review.

Although SCERTS is a promising intervention with emerging evidence, more methodologically rigorous studies are needed to progress the research base ofSCERTS and draw firm conclusions about its effectiveness in improving a wide range of skills for children and implementers.

Short report: Call to action for autism clinicians in response to anti-Black racism

The various steps families take to get services and how anti-Black racism makes that process even harder for Black individuals are described.

Neurodiversity and Autism Intervention: Reconciling Perspectives Through a Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention Framework

This commentary argues that Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions (NDBIs) hold promise for bridging the gap between early intervention and the neurodiversity movement, and recognizes NDBIs have much room to grow.



What can physicians learn from the neurodiversity movement?

A physician offers insights about autism from inside and outside the autism self-advocacy movement in the hopes that her ideas help her colleagues treat each autistic person as an individual.

Representing Autism: Culture, Narrative, Fascination

List of Figures Permissions Preface: questions Introduction: autism and narrative 1. Presences: autistic difference 2. Idiots and savants 3. Witnessing 4. Boys and girls, men and women 5. In our

A new era for autism research, and for our journal

Author(s): Pellicano, Liz; Mandy, Will; Bolte, Sven; Stahmer, Aubyn; Lounds Taylor, Julie; Mandell, David S

Empathizing with sensory and movement differences: moving toward sensitive understanding of autism

  • S. Kapp
  • Psychology
    Front. Integr. Neurosci.
  • 2013
Evidence that other factors are involved in autistic people's atypical social communication is provided, and the need for better interpersonal and societal understanding of and support for autistic people is suggested.

Autism: A Social and Medical History

Preface: Autism, and How We Got Here 1. A Nameless Difference 2. Autism Before and After the Enlightenment 3. Workhouses, Asylums, and the Rise of Behavioural Sciences 4. The Social Construction of

Identifying Language for People on the Autism Spectrum: A Scoping Review

A scoping review of literature from 2010 to 2018 regarding identifying language for people on the autism spectrum identified a paucity of research that systematically explored and considered antagonisms, representation, and potential consequences of either of the current modes of identifying language becoming dominant.

Autism: A New Introduction to Psychological Theory and Current Debate

The autism research world has made considerable strides since the first edition of Happé’s book, so it is timely that a new version now emerges. As perspectives are frequently diverse (Pellicano,

Two Winding Parent Paths to Neurodiversity Advocacy

In 2011 Shannon Des Roches Rosa and Jennifer Byde Myers founded and began editing “Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism” which is a neurodiversity-oriented, evidence-grounded autism website

Three Reasons Not to Believe in an Autism Epidemic

Three primary sources of misunderstanding are reviewed: lack of awareness about the changing diagnostic criteria, uncritical acceptance of a conclusion illogically drawn in a California-based study, and inattention to a crucial feature of the “child count” data reported annually by the U.S. Department of Education.

Exploring how the social model of disability can be re-invigorated for autism: in response to Jonathan Levitt

Abstract Levitt argues that the social model of disability needs to be re-invigorated, potentially by adapting the tool for separate countries. The social model has been successfully applied for some