Avian photoreceptors and their role in the regulation of daily and seasonal physiology.

Birds time their activities in synchronization with daily and seasonal periodicities in the environment, which is mainly provided by changes in day length (=photoperiod). Photoperiod appears to act at different levels than simply entraining the hypothalamic clock via eyes in birds. Photoreceptor cells that transmit light information to an avian brain are… CONTINUE READING