Avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H9N2) seroprevalence and risk factors for infection among Egyptians: a prospective, controlled seroepidemiological study.

@article{Gomaa2015AvianIA,
  title={Avian influenza A(H5N1) and A(H9N2) seroprevalence and risk factors for infection among Egyptians: a prospective, controlled seroepidemiological study.},
  author={Mokhtar R. Gomaa and Ahmed S. Kayed and Mona A. Elabd and Dina Abu Zeid and Shaimaa A. Zaki and Amira Sayed El Rifay and Lobna S. Sherif and Pamela P. Mckenzie and Robert James Webster and Richard R. J. Webby and Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed Ali and Ghazi Kayali},
  journal={The Journal of infectious diseases},
  year={2015},
  volume={211 9},
  pages={
          1399-407
        }
}
BACKGROUND A(H5N1) and A(H9N2) avian influenza viruses are enzootic in Egyptian poultry, and most A(H5N1) human cases since 2009 have occurred in Egypt. Our understanding of the epidemiology of avian viruses in humans remains limited. Questions about the frequency of infection, the proportion of infections that are mild or subclinical, and the case-fatality rate remain largely unanswered. METHODS We conducted a 3-year, prospective, controlled, seroepidemiological study that enrolled 750… CONTINUE READING
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