Avian evolution, Gondwana biogeography and the Cretaceous–Tertiary mass extinction event

@article{Cracraft2001AvianEG,
  title={Avian evolution, Gondwana biogeography and the Cretaceous–Tertiary mass extinction event},
  author={Joel Cracraft},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2001},
  volume={268},
  pages={459 - 469}
}
  • J. Cracraft
  • Published 2001
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
The fossil record has been used to support the origin and radiation of modern birds (Neornithes) in Laurasia after the Cretaceous–Tertiary mass extinction event, whereas molecular clocks have suggested a Cretaceous origin for most avian orders. These alternative views of neornithine evolution are examined using an independent set of evidence, namely phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography. Phylogenetic relationships of basal lineages of neornithines, including ratite birds and… Expand
A Gondwanan origin of passerine birds supported by DNA sequences of the endemic New Zealand wrens
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the endemic New Zealand wrens (Acanthisittidae) are the sister taxon to all other extant passerines, supporting a Gondwanan origin and early radiation of passerines. Expand
Vicariant Origin of Malagasy Reptiles Supports Late Cretaceous Antarctic Land Bridge
TLDR
The data provide strong, independently corroborated evidence for a contiguous Late Cretaceous Gondwana, exclusive of Africa and connected via Antarctica, and the first temporal evidence linking the vicariant origin of extant Malagasy vertebrates to a single geologic event. Expand
Crocodyliform biogeography during the Cretaceous: evidence of Gondwanan vicariance from biogeographical analysis
  • A. Turner
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
Results provide statistically significant evidence that Gondwana fragmentation affected crocodyliform diversification during the Mid–Late Cretaceous and corroborate vicariance hypotheses in other fossil and extant groups as well as furthers the move towards more taxonomically diverse approaches to palaeobiogeographical research. Expand
Definitive fossil evidence for the extant avian radiation in the Cretaceous
TLDR
A rare, partial skeleton from the Maastrichtian of Antarctica is identified as the first Cretaceous fossil definitively placed within the extant bird radiation, and phylogenetic analyses supported by independent histological data indicate that a new species, Vegavis iaai, is a part of Anseriformes (waterfowl) and is most closely related to Anatidae, which includes true ducks. Expand
Dating the diversification of the major lineages of Passeriformes (Aves)
TLDR
This study provides a time-scale for the evolution of the major clades of passerines using seven nuclear markers, five taxonomically well-determined passerine fossils, and an updated interpretation of the New Zealand split from Antarctica 85–52 Mya in a Bayesian relaxed-clock approach. Expand
The evolutionary radiation of modern birds (Neornithes): reconciling molecules, morphology and the fossil record
TLDR
Current understanding of the early fossil history of Neornithes is highlighted in conjunction with available phylogenetic resolution for the major extant clades, as well as recent advancements in genetic methods that have constrained time estimates for major evolutionary divergences. Expand
South American and Antarctic Continental Cenozoic Birds: Paleobiogeographic Affinities and Disparities
Several advances have been made on the understanding of the biotic and environmental history of South America and Antarctica including the discovery of additional fossil sites coupled with progressExpand
Transoceanic Dispersal and Plate Tectonics Shaped Global Cockroach Distributions: Evidence from Mitochondrial Phylogenomics
TLDR
A phylogenetic estimate of all extant cockroach families is presented, as well as a timescale for their evolution, based on the complete mitochondrial genomes of 119 cockroach species, and tentative support for vicariance through plate tectonics within and between several major lineages is found. Expand
Avian extinction at the end of the Cretaceous: Assessing the magnitude and subsequent explosive radiation
TLDR
The authors' continued inability to produce a veracious phylogeny of higher avian taxa is likely related to a Paleogene explosive burst or ‘big bang’ evolution of bird and mammal evolution, resulting in short ordinal internodes. Expand
Bird evolution in the Eocene: climate change in Europe and a Danish fossil fauna
The pattern of the evolutionary radiation of modern birds (Neornithes) has been debated for more than 10 years. However, the early fossil record of birds from the Paleogene, in particular, the LowerExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 151 REFERENCES
Explosive Evolution in Tertiary Birds and Mammals
The traditional view of avian evolution over the past century is that of sluggish gradualism, in which many living orders of birds are thought to have originated from the mid-Cretaceous or so (1),Expand
The origin and early diversification of birds
Numerical cladistic analysis of 73 cranial and postcranial characters has resulted in a highly corroborated hypothesis describing the phylogenetic pattern of early avian evolution. Using “non-avianExpand
Biogeography and diversity of South Atlantic Cretaceous echinoids: implications for circulation patterns
Abstract This survey of echinoid species living on the African and South American margins of the South Atlantic Ocean in Cretaceous times is based on a review of published species and abundantExpand
Mass Survival of Birds Across the Cretaceous- Tertiary Boundary: Molecular Evidence
TLDR
Data for several other terrestrial vertebrate groups indicate a similar pattern of survival and, taken together, favor incremental changes during a Cretaceous diversification of birds and mammals rather than an explosive radiation in the Early Tertiary. Expand
Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals
THE classical hypothesis for the diversification of birds and mammals proposes that most of the orders diverged rapidly in adaptive radiations after the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) extinction event 65Expand
The early history of modern birds inferred from DNA sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal genes.
TLDR
Phylogenetic results suggest that the earliest neornithines were heavy-bodied, ground-dwelling, nonmarine birds, and this inference provides a possible explanation for the large gap in the early fossil record of birds. Expand
Did parrots exist in the Cretaceous period?
TLDR
The timing of the origin of modern birds is much debated, but recent work, based on molecular divergence data, has suggested that most, or all, of the major clades were present in the Cretaceous. Expand
PHYLOGENY, BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND EVOLUTION OF THE BROADBILLS (EURYLAIMIDAE) AND ASITIES (PHILEPITTIDAE) BASED ON MORPHOLOGY
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of syringeal morphology and two osteological characters indicates that the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) are not monophyletic, but consist of four clades with successively closer relationships to the Madagascan asities (Philepittidae), and uses this phylogenetic hypothesis as a comparative framework in investigations of the biogeo- graphic history and evolutionary ecology of the group. Expand
Rifting and drift of australia and the migration of mammals.
TLDR
The geology of the Australia/Antarctica suture gives no evidence of any significant barrier to the passage of land animals during the time from the Early Permian to the Early Eocene, and geology's contribution to the historical biogeography of southern mammals will consist primarily of the examination of the history of other continental connections. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeny of the Family Cichlidae: Monophyly and Fast Molecular Evolution of the Neotropical Assemblage
TLDR
The cichlid phylogeny suggests drift-vicariance events, consistent with the fragmentation of Gondwana, to explain current biogeographic distributions and relative rate tests suggest that Neotropical cICHlids have experienced accelerated rates of molecular evolution. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...