Avery in Retrospect

  title={Avery in Retrospect},
  author={Norman Wingate Pirie},
  • N. Pirie
  • Published 29 December 1972
  • History
  • Nature
Lederberg1 and Olby2 cite enough references to show that many biologists quickly recognized the significance of pneumococcal transformation by DNA. The history of such a subject has great intrinsic interest, and often acts as a cautionary tale that should suggest that there are oversights and false assumptions at the present time. It may therefore be permissible to add something more to the record. 
The chemical characterization of the gene: vicissitudes of evidential assessment.
  • J. Stegenga
  • Psychology
    History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2011
It is argued that the changing context in which the evidence presented by Avery's group was interpreted partly explains the vicissitudes of the assessments of the evidence.


Reply to H. V. Wyatt
WYATT's inference1 that Avery's work on pneumococcal transformation was not well recognized by geneticists in the decade following his 1944 report2 is somewhat at odds with my own recollection and
Avery in Retrospect
In this response to Vivian Wyatt's article on the cool reception by molecular biologists to Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty's 1944 article, Olby critiqued much of the evidence and many of the primary
Variation Due to Change in the Individual Gene
The opening up of these new problems is dne to the fundamental conitribution which genetics has made to cell physiology witlhin the last decade, and the possible means of attacking them are focused on.
Development of ideas on the nature of viruses.
  • N. Pirie
  • Medicine
    British medical bulletin
  • 1948
Actualites Medico-chirurgicales.