• Corpus ID: 141574019

Aversive and disruptive stimulus applications for managing predation

  title={Aversive and disruptive stimulus applications for managing predation},
  author={John A. Shivik and Daniel J. Martin},
The range expansion and reintroduction of mammalian predators (e.g., wolves , coyotes and bears) coupled with growing disfavor for traditional tools of wildlife management creates an immediate need for alternative, non-lethal, but effective techniques for managing predation on livestock. Scientists at the National Wildlife Research Center are using advanced technology and animal behavior concepts (e.g., aversive and disruptive stimuli) to develop new tools for the prevention of damage by large… 

Nonlethal Techniques for Managing Predation: Primary and Secondary Repellents

Abstract:  Conservation biology requires the development of practical tools and techniques to minimize conflicts arising from human modification of ecosystems. We applied behavioral theory of primary

Electronic aversive conditioning for managing wolf predation

Author(s): Shivik, John A.; Asher, Val; Bradley, Liz; Kunkel, Kyran; Phillips, Mike; Breck, Stewart; Bangs, Ed | Abstract: Electronic training collars have previously been used to condition captive

Non-lethal Radio Activated Guard for Deterring Wolf Depredation in Idaho: Summary and Call for Research

Author(s): Breck, Stewart; Williamson, Rick; Niemeyer, Carter; Shivik, John A. | Abstract: With the reestablishment of wolves in the western United States, managing adverse interactions between

Tools for the Edge: What's New for Conserving Carnivores

With further research and development that includes interdisciplinary approaches to management methods, biologists may be better able to conserve large carnivore species by ameliorating human conflicts with them.

Effectiveness of low‐cost deterrents in decreasing livestock predation by felids: a case in Central Mexico

Livestock predation is one of the main types of conflict between felids and rural communities, resulting in negative effects on human livelihoods and the elimination of predators. It is therefore

Bold, shy, and persistent: Variable coyote response to light and sound stimuli

Adaptive use of nonlethal strategies for minimizing wolf–sheep conflict in Idaho

Worldwide, native predators are killed to protect livestock, an action that can undermine wildlife conservation efforts and create conflicts among stakeholders. An ongoing example is occurring in the

Depredation management outside the box: logical adaptations of successful practices with other species and situations

Author(s): Mason, J. Russell; Bodenchuk, Michael J. | Abstract: Social, legal, biological, and political constraints dictate the need for new and improved methods of depredation management. One

The search for acceptable animal traps

Author(s): Fall, Michael W. | Abstract: For centuries, trappers, inventors, naturalists, and biologists have searched for animal traps that met a variety of criteria, such as efficiency and

Efficacy of an animal-activated frightening device on urban elk and mule deer

Abstract Cervids readily adapt to suitable human-altered landscapes and can cause several types of damage, including economic loss associated with landscape and agricultural plantings, human health




The speed and duration with which captive coyotes (Canis latrans) learn to passively avoid attacking a certain class of prey (black domestic rabbits) following pairing with a noxious stimulus (electric shock) are determined.

Control of mammalian predators in game management and conservation

Understanding of the role of predation in prey population dynamics has changed considerably during the last 20 years, and predation is now credited with a much more powerful role than in the past.

Prey-lithium aversions. I: coyotes and wolves.

Frightening methods and devices/stimuli to prevent mammal damage--a review

Author(s): Koehler, Ann E.; Marsh, Rex E.; Salmon, Terrell P. | Abstract: Various frightening stimuli, primarily visual and acoustic, have been used to prevent or alleviate damage by depredating


Sonic devices are promoted as scientifically sound, humane, inexpensive, and simple to operate. The manufacture and sale of sonic devices intended to control damage by animals is a large industry,

Electronic (Fenceless) Control of Livestock

Tests on cattle indicated that the technology is about 90 percent effective at excluding animals, and this technology has been patented, and the Forest Service is pursuing ways to develop the product for marketability.

Livestock control with electrical and audio stimulation.

Radio-activated electrical stimulus is an alternative to traditional fencing to control cattle distribution in rangelands in riparian areas and could help resource managers and ranchers find better ways to control livestock distribution.

Public attitudes toward wildlife damage management

  • 1999