The autonomic innervation of the major and minor salivary glands was studied in five species of cebid monkeys using acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and catecholamine histochemistry. Catecholamine-containing and AChE-positive nerve fibres were observed in the vessels and secretory endpieces of all glands, with no apparent predominance of one type over the other. In the intralobular ducts, however, the cholinergic innervation predominates. In the major salivary and minor sublingual glands the density of the nervous supply was higher, whereas in the secondary mandibular and posterior lingual glands it was less dense. The morphological patterns of salivary gland innervation found in Cebidae are compared with those of the related family Callitrichidae.