Automatic optimism: the affective basis of judgments about the likelihood of future events.

@article{Lench2009AutomaticOT,
  title={Automatic optimism: the affective basis of judgments about the likelihood of future events.},
  author={Heather C. Lench},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  year={2009},
  volume={138 2},
  pages={187-200}
}
People generally judge that the future will be consistent with their desires, but the reason for this desirability bias is unclear. This investigation examined whether affective reactions associated with future events are the mechanism through which desires influence likelihood judgments. In 4 studies, affective reactions were manipulated for initially neutral events. Compared with a neutral condition, events associated with positive reactions were judged as likely to occur, and events… CONTINUE READING

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