Automatic estimation of harmonic tension by distributed representation of chords

@inproceedings{Nikrang2017AutomaticEO,
  title={Automatic estimation of harmonic tension by distributed representation of chords},
  author={Ali Nikrang and David R. W. Sears and Gerhard Widmer},
  booktitle={CMMR},
  year={2017}
}
The buildup and release of a sense of tension is one of the most essential aspects of the process of listening to music. A veridical computational model of perceived musical tension would be an important ingredient for many music informatics applications. The present paper presents a new approach to modelling harmonic tension based on a distributed representation of chords. The starting hypothesis is that harmonic tension as perceived by human listeners is related, among other things, to the… 
Attention-based LSTM for Period Identification of Classical Music
TLDR
A neural network is proposed that classifies a series of chords according to when it was inferred to be written, showing the capability of the model to capture the stylistic difference among periods quantitatively.
Functional Harmony Recognition of Symbolic Music Data with Multi-task Recurrent Neural Networks
TLDR
A novel holistic system in functional harmony recognition is presented; a multi-task learning (MTL) architecture is implemented with the recurrent neural network (RNN) to jointly model chord functions in an end-to-end scenario.
WITH MULTITASK RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORKS

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
    Harmonic and rhythmic influences on musical expectancy
    TLDR
    The effects of harmony and rhythm on expectancy formation were studied in two experiments and the need for rhythmical weighting factors within the psychological representation of tonal/pitch information is highlighted.
    A Parametric, Temporal Model of Musical Tension
    tension in music is a high-level concept that is difficult to formalize due to its complex, multidimensional nature. This paper proposes a quantitative model of musical tension that takes into
    The Psychophysics of Harmony Perception: Harmony is a Three-Tone Phenomenon
    In line with musical "common sense" (but contrary to the century-old tradition of musical psychophysics), we show that harmony is an inherently three-tone phenomenon. Previous attempts at explaining
    Global context effect in normal and scrambled musical sequences.
    • B. Tillmann, E. Bigand
    • Psychology
      Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
    • 2001
    TLDR
    Simulations suggested that harmonic priming results from activation that spreads via schematic knowledge of Western harmony and accumulates in short-term memory over the course of the chord sequence.
    On Musical Dissonance
    psychoacoustic theories of dissonance often follow Helmholtz and attribute it to partials (fundamental frequencies or overtones) near enough in frequency to affect the same region of the basilar
    Global context effects on musical expectancy
    TLDR
    The effects of global harmonic contexts on expectancy formation were studied in a set of three experiments and subjects reported a lower degree of completion for sequences ending on an unexpected chord and took longer to decide whether the last chords belonged to the sequence when the last chord was unexpected.
    Evaluating the Consonance and Pleasantness of Triads in Different Musical Context
    TLDR
    Augmented and diminished triads were judged less dissonant when they were played in isolation than when in a cadence, and this result is interpreted as reversely reflecting the stability of chord function.
    The significance of the acoustic component of consonance in Western triads
    The acoustically based formalism, previously developed by the authors to quantify the consonance and dissonance of dyadic musical intervals, is extended to encompass musical triads. Quantitative
    Reaction time and musical expectancy: priming of chords.
    TLDR
    It is found that major targets were identified faster, and with fewer errors, when they were related than when unrelated, and an apparent absence (and possible reversal) of this effect for minor targets can be attributed to the prime's biasing effect on the target's stability.
    Representation and Discovery of Vertical Patterns in Music
    TLDR
    A new method for discovering patterns in the vertical and horizontal dimensions of polyphonic music is described, which finds a small set of vertical patterns that occur in a large number of pieces in the corpus.
    ...
    ...