Automatic Diierentiation, Tangent Linear Models, and (pseudo)adjoints

Abstract

This paper provides a brief introduction to automatic diierentiation and relates it to the tangent linear model and adjoint approaches commonly used in meteorology. After a brief review of the forward and reverse mode of automatic diierentiation, the ADIFOR automatic diierentiation tool is introduced, and initial results of a sensitivity-enhanced version of the MM5 PSU/NCAR mesoscale weather model are presented. We also present a novel approach to the computation of gradients that uses a reverse mode approach at the time loop level and a forward mode approach at every time step. The resulting \pseudoadjoint" shares the characteristic of an adjoint code that the ratio of gradient to function evaluation does not depend on the number of independent variables. In contrast to a true adjoint approach, however, the nonlinearity of the model plays no role in the complexity of the derivative code.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Bischof1995AutomaticDT, title={Automatic Diierentiation, Tangent Linear Models, and (pseudo)adjoints}, author={Christian H. Bischof}, year={1995} }