• Corpus ID: 250144225

Automated Experiments of Local Non-linear Behavior in Ferroelectric Materials

  title={Automated Experiments of Local Non-linear Behavior in Ferroelectric Materials},
  author={Yongtao Liu and Kyle P. Kelley and Rama K. Vasudevan and Wanlin Zhu and John Hayden and Jon‐Paul Maria and Hiroshi Funakubo and Maxim A. Ziatdinov and Susan E. Trolier-McKinstry and Sergei V. Kalinin},
We develop and implement an automated experiment in multimodal imaging to probe structural, chemical, and functional behaviors in complex materials and elucidate the dominant physical mechanisms that control device function. Here the emergence of non-linear electromechanical responses in piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) is explored. Non-linear responses in PFM can originate from multiple mechanisms, including intrinsic material responses often controlled by domain structure, surface… 

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