Design and Implementation of a Microfluidic Logic Gate Chip Based on Double-Stranded DNA
Previously, we described ways to implement the functions AND and OR in a DNA computer consisting of microreactors with attached heating elements that control annealing of DNA. Based on these findings, we have devised a similar device that can solve a satisfiability problem in any form. The device occupies linear space and operates in quadratic time, while a previously described competing device is built in quadratic space and operates in quadratic time or greater. Reducing the number of reactors in a DNA computer reduces the loss of DNA through binding to the surfaces of the system.