Autogynephilia: A Paraphilic Model of Gender Identity Disorder

  title={Autogynephilia: A Paraphilic Model of Gender Identity Disorder},
  author={Anne A. Lawrence Md and},
  journal={Journal of Gay \& Lesbian Mental Health},
SUMMARY Autogynephilia is defined as a male's propensity to be sexually aroused by the thought or image of himself as female. Autogynephilia explains the desire for sex reassignment of some male-to-female (MTF) transsexuals. It can be conceptualized as both a paraphilia and a sexual orientation. The concept of autogynephilia provides an alternative to the traditional model of transsexualism that emphasizes gender identity. Autogynephilia helps explain mid-life MTF gender transition, progression… 

Autogynephilia: an underappreciated paraphilia.

  • A. Lawrence
  • Psychology
    Advances in psychosomatic medicine
  • 2011
The concept of autogynephilia can assist clinicians in understanding some otherwise puzzling manifestations of nonhomosexual MtF transsexualism and offers a theory of motivation for one type of MtF transgenderism.

Autogynephilia and the typology of male-to-female transsexualism: Concepts and controversies.

Abstract. Sexual scientists have recognized for over a century that biologic males who seek sex reassignment – male-to-female (MtF) transsexuals – are not a homogeneous clinical population but

The Case Against Autogynephilia

ABSTRACT Autogynephilia is a paraphilic model that states that all male-to-female (MtF) transsexuals who are not exclusively attracted toward men are instead sexually oriented toward the thought or

Autogynephilia in Women

  • C. Moser
  • Psychology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 2009
An Autogynephilia Scale for Women (ASW) was created from items used to categorize MTFs as autogynephilic in other studies to test the possibility that natal women also experience aut misogynephilia.

Transgenderism in nonhomosexual males as a paraphilic phenomenon: implications for case conceptualization and treatment

It is argued that it is useful for therapists to think about bothvestic fetishism and the nonhomosexual type of male-to-female (MTF) transsexualism as paraphilic phenomena, and the clinical spectrum to which they belong, as paraphobic phenomena.

Blanchard's Autogynephilia Theory: A Critique

  • C. Moser
  • Psychology
    Journal of homosexuality
  • 2010
The theory that links the sexual orientation of male-to-female transsexuals with the presence or absence of autogynephilia, or erotic arousal by the thought or image of “himself” as a woman, is critiqued.

Becoming What We Love: autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love

  • A. Lawrence
  • Psychology
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 2007
A broader conception of autogynephilia can more accurately be conceptualized as a type of sexual orientation and as a variety of romantic love, involving both erotic and affectional or attachment-based elements.

Becoming What We Love: autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love

The increasing prevalence of male-to-female (MtF) transsexualism in Western countries is largely due to the growing number of MtF transsexuals who have a history of sexual arousal with cross-dressing

Sexuality of Male-to-Female Transsexuals

Examining 15 aspects of sexuality among a non-clinical sample of 234 transsexuals and 127 biological females showed that, overall, transsexuals tended to place more importance on partner’s physical attractiveness and reported higher scores on Blanchard's Core Autogynephilia Scale than biological females.



Clinical observations and systematic studies of autogynephilia.

It is concluded that the concept of autogynephilia is needed to fill a gap in the current battery of concepts and categories for thinking about gender identity disorders.

The concept of autogynephilia and the typology of male gender dysphoria.

  • R. Blanchard
  • Psychology
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1989
The hypothesis that the major types of nonhomosexual gender dysphoria constitute variant forms of one underlying disorder, which may be characterized as autogynephilicGender dysphoria is supported.

Partial versus complete autogynephilia and gender dysphoria.

It is confirmed that men who are sexually aroused at the thought of having a vulva are more likely to want to be women.

Varieties of autogynephilia and their relationship to gender dysphoria

The relationship between gender dysphoria and autogynephilia (erotic arousal in men associated with the thought or image of themselves as women) was investigated and the results support the hypothesis that those nonhomosexual men most aroused sexually by the thought of having a woman's body are also those most interested in acquiring a women's body through some permanent, physical transformation.

Nonmonotonic relation of autogynephilia and heterosexual attraction.

The hypothesis that autogynephilia is a misdirected type of heterosexual impulse, which arises in association with normal heterosexuality but also competes with it, is supported.

Two Clinically Discrete Syndromes of Transsexualism

It was found that those who had experienced fetishistic arousal were significantly more likely to be older, to have experienced heterosexual intercourse, to be married and to show penile responses to pictures of men and women indicative of a more heterosexual orientation.

Essay on the diagnosis and nature of paraphilia.

Paraphilia is a disorder of sexual identity development that has three characteristics: a long-standing, highly arousing, unusual erotic preoccupation; a pressure to act upon the erotic fantasy; sexual dysfunction with a partner during conventional sexual behavior.

Clinical patterns among male transsexual candidates with erotic interest in males

Male-to-female transsexuals who reported an erotic interest in males showed different patterns of sexual activity and displayed more masculinity in development and more evidence of emotional disturbance.

The relationship of male transsexual typology to psychosocial adjustment

Results indicate a significant relationship between social gender reorientation and the feature of androphilia and between work adjustment and gynephilia, which offers evidence as to why some transsexuals may more readily adopt a female gender identity than others.

Gender-disturbed males.

  • S. Levine
  • Psychology
    Journal of sex & marital therapy
  • 1993
Adolescent and adult cross-dressing or "transvestism" is the most common antecedent behavioral pattern among those who request sex reassignment surgery. Transvestites are actually a diverse group of