Autogenic Training: A Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcome Studies

  title={Autogenic Training: A Meta-Analysis of Clinical Outcome Studies},
  author={Friedhelm Stetter and Sirko Kupper},
  journal={Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback},
Autogenic training (AT) is a self-relaxation procedure by which a psychophysiological determined relaxation response is elicited. [] Key Result Seventy-three controlled outcome studies were found (published 1952–99). Sixty studies (35 randomized controlled trials [RCT]) qualified for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Medium-to-large effect sizes (ES) occurred for pre–post comparisons of disease-specific AT-effects, with the RCTs showing larger ES.

[Effect of Autogenic Training for Stress Response: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis].

Autogenic training is effective for adults' stress management, and nurses will be able to effectively perform autogenic training programs for workers' stress relief at the workplace.

Relaxation training for anxiety: a ten-years systematic review with meta-analysis

The results show consistent and significant efficacy of relaxation training in reducing anxiety, and this meta-analysis extends the existing literature through facilitation of a better understanding of the variability and clinical significance of anxiety improvement subsequent to relaxation training.

Autogenic Training for Reducing Chronic Pain: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Beneficial effects of AT on pain reduction were demonstrated, but findings are prone to bias.

Effect of Autogenic Training on General Improvement in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Autogenic training may be useful in the treatment of IBS by enhancing self-control by enhancingSelf-control and role emotional and general health showed a tendency for improvement in the AT group.

[Autogenic training as a therapy for adjustment disorder in adults].

Autogenic training significantly decreases the values of physiological indicators of adjustment disorder, diminishes the effects of stress in an individual, and helps adults to cope with stress, facilitating their recuperation.


The goal of this study is to analyze the effect of regular practice of autogenic training (AT) on lung capacity, subjective vitality and competitive anxiety. We have selected a sample of size n18.

Autogenic training to reduce anxiety in nursing students: randomized controlled trial.

Autogenic training has at least a short-term effect in alleviating stress in nursing students and is aimed at relieving tension, anger and stress.



Autogenic Training: A narrative and quantitative review of clinical outcome

  • W. Linden
  • Psychology
    Biofeedback and self-regulation
  • 1994
This review of controlled outcome research on Autogenic Training complements the literature by pooling narrative and quantitative approaches, by including only studies with experimental controls, by

Long-Term Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Additional Autogenic Training in the Psychotherapy of Depressive Disorders

This paper presents the results of a 3-year follow-up study on the effectiveness of additional autogenic training (AT; a psychophysiological self-control method using self-inductions of physical and

Comparison of integrated group therapy and group relaxation training for fibromyalgia.

Psychological interventions in combination with physiotherapy can be effective in treating fibromyalgia patients, especially if applied early.

[Autogenic training versus Erickson's analogical technique in treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome].

  • V. RuccoC. FeruglioF. GencoR. Mosanghini
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Rivista europea per le scienze mediche e farmacologiche = European review for medical and pharmacological sciences = Revue europeenne pour les sciences medicales et pharmacologiques
  • 1995
There was an improvement of all the parameters examined, superior compared to the results obtained in the group of patients treated with autogenous training.

Autogenic training and signs of distress: an experimental study.

  • M. FarnèA. Corallo
  • Psychology, Education
    Bollettino della Societa italiana di biologia sperimentale
  • 1992
The research investigated the autogenic training (AT) effects, analyzing the emotional and somatic distress symptoms of patients during their learning of the AT standard exercises, demonstrating the Balint effect of the drug-doctor phenomenon.

Efficacy of relaxation techniques in hypertensive patients.

Comparative analysis of the efficacy of different relaxation methods revealed that biofeedback and breathing-relaxation training resulted in the greatest reduction in blood pressure.

Responders and Nonresponders to Autogenic Training and Cognitive Self‐hypnosis: Prediction of Short‐ and Long‐term Success in Tension‐Type Headache Patients

The main conclusion that could be drawn from this study was that pain reduction, in the short and long‐term, cannot be predicted with any accuracy by demographic and medical status variables or scores for psychological distress, personality traits, coping strategy use, and pain appraisals.

Autogenic training in the treatment and secondary prevention of essential hypertension: five-year follow-up.

  • T. AivazyanV. ZaitsevA. Yurenev
  • Medicine
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1988
Autogenic training appeared to be more effective in patients with mild hypertension than in those with moderate hypertension and the results were comparable with those obtained with regular medication.