Autoerythrocyte sensitization; a form of purpura producing painful bruising following autosensitization to red blood cells in certain women.

@article{Gardner1955AutoerythrocyteSA,
  title={Autoerythrocyte sensitization; a form of purpura producing painful bruising following autosensitization to red blood cells in certain women.},
  author={Frank H. Gardner and Louis K. Diamond},
  journal={Blood},
  year={1955},
  volume={10 7},
  pages={
          675-90
        }
}
Four patients with purpura who manifested an unusual response to bruising were studied. This response was characterized by the development of an area of painful ecchymosis at the site of trauma followed by progressive erythema and edema. This unusual tissue response was seen only in women. The various features of the cases suggested an autosensitization by the patients to their own blood. Special studies utilizing skin testing procedures indicated an abnormal tissue response of sensitivity to… 
Purpura as a psychosomatic entity. A psychiatric study of autoerythrocyte sensitization.
TLDR
The frequency of emotional disturbances in patients with autoerythrocyte sensitization is demonstrated and it is suggested that the character traits of these patients play a determining role in the syndrome itself.
Autoerythrocyte sensitization.
TLDR
Patients with AES are characteristically not sensitive to intradermal injections of hemoglobin, plasma, leukocytes or deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), but some cases of sensitivity to hemoglobin and DNA been re-corded.
Recurrent Ecchymoses and Cutaneous Hyperreactivity to Hemoglobin: A Form of Autoerythrocyte Sensitization
TLDR
It was concluded that a cutaneous hyperreactivity to hemoglobin in association with psychological disturbances was responsible for the painful ecchymoses in this patient.
Autoerythrocyte sensitization successfully treated with antidepressants.
TLDR
In an extensive review of this disorder, Ratnoff 2 noted 100 cases, 95% of them female, with the most common age at onset of 14 to 40 years, and an autoimmune sensitization to the patient's own RBCs as the underlying mechanism.
Studies in Autoerythrocyte Sensitization: The Induction of Purpuric Lesions by Hypnotic Suggestion
TLDR
The studies demonstrated a predominance of hysterical and masochistic character traits as well as a propensity to express psychological problems in physical form both through conversion mechanisms and psychophysiological responses and a temporal relationship between life stress and disease onset and exacerbations.
Autoerthrocyte Sensitization or Psychogenic Purpura
TLDR
As further patients with this syndrome were reported it became clear that in some otherwise typical cases the cutaneous response to blood might be consistently negative, and doubt that the syndrome may have anything to do with autoimmunity is raised.
Perplexing purpura in two females: Rare case of autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome
TLDR
Clinically, ecchymotic changes in various stages of development were seen, and positive autoerythrocyte sensitization test, psychiatric evaluation and absence of any other clinical or laboratory pathology were made.
A Case of Autoerythrocyte Sensitization Syndrome in an Adult Male
TLDR
A 20-year-old man with characteristic features of this syndrome is presented, who had a positive autoerythrocyte sensitization test and is the first case in an adult male reported in the Korean literature.
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