Autocratization by Decree: States of Emergency and Democratic Decline

  title={Autocratization by Decree: States of Emergency and Democratic Decline},
  author={Anna L{\"u}hrmann and Bryan Rooney},
  journal={SSRN Electronic Journal},
States of emergency grant chief executives the power to bypass democratic constraints in order to combat existential threats. As such, they are ideal tools to erode democratic institutions while maintaining the illusion of constitutional legitimacy. Therefore, states of emergency should be associated with a heightened risk of autocratization – a decline in a regime's democratic attributes. Despite this theoretical link and the contemporary relevance of both autocratization and states of… 

Autocratization, permanent emergency rule and local politics: lessons from the Kurds in Turkey

ABSTRACT Emergency rule provides opportunities for aspiring autocrats to subvert democratic institutions while still following constitutional rules. There has been a steady rise in the use of

Emergency Powers and the Heterogeneity of Terror in Democratic States

Terrorist violence has recently led several states to grant extraordinary powers to the executive. Yet scholars have only recently begun to examine whether the provision of such emergency powers

COVID-19 and the Democracy–Autocracy Freedom Divide: Reflections on Post-Pandemic Regime Change Scenarios

  • A. Cassani
  • Political Science
    Political Studies Review
  • 2021
This research note contributes to the emerging debate on the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for democracy, autocracy and regime change. Following a review of the literature on the short-term

Emergencies: on the misuse of government powers

It is found that the more advantages emergency constitutions confer to the executive, the higher the number of people killed as a consequence of a natural disaster, controlling for its severity.

Working Paper 110

Excessive use of emergency powers and limitations of media freedoms have raised concerns that Covid-19 is infecting democracy itself. How do government responses to Covid-19 violate democratic

Unconstitutional States of Emergency

Nine out of ten modern constitutions contain explicit emergency provisions, describing who can call a state of emergency (and under which conditions) and the additional powers government enjoys under

Populist Governments and Democratic Backsliding during the COVID-19 Pandemic

The coronavirus pandemic has provided governments with an opportunity to abuse their emergency powers and weaken democratic norms and institutions, but not all incumbents have exploited this

COVID-19 and the “state of exception”: assessing institutional resilience in consolidated democracies – a comparative analysis of Italy and Portugal

ABSTRACT How can we assess the institutional resilience of consolidated democracies in emergency situations? How can we know which regulations of the state of emergency best immunize democratic

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Model of Governance and Democracy in Poland

Almost the whole of 2020 was a year of governance by pandemic measures. Many governments, in these extraordinary times, formally introduced states of emergency. One exception in this regard is

The Pandemic and the Transformation of Liberal International Order

  • Qingming Huang
  • Political Science
    Journal of Chinese political science
  • 2020
This paper addresses three significant challenges to the foundations of the current liberal order: the entrenchment of authoritarianism, characterized by authoritarian resilience, autocratization, and the consolidation of competing authoritarian political-economic models; the exacerbation of nationalism enabled by nationalist and populist politicians; and the intensified competition among major powers.



Endless Emergency: The Case of Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt has been in a declared state of emergency continuously since 1981 and for all but three of the past fifty years. Emergency powers, military courts, and other exceptional

Which Democracies Will Last? Coups, Incumbent Takeovers, and the Dynamic of Democratic Consolidation

This article develops a change-point model of democratic consolidation that conceives of consolidation as a latent quality to be inferred rather than measured directly. Consolidation is hypothesized

The Constitution of Tyranny: Regimes of Exception in Spanish America

This is a comprehensive study of the constitutional foundations of dictatorship and political repression in Spanish America, which reveals the historical roles of regimes of exception in impeding

The permanency of the state of emergency in Turkey

  • Ece Göztepe
  • Political Science
    Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft
  • 2018
Working on the state of emergency/exception requires inevitably an idea of normality. For the first time the Roman law came up with the idea of ruling the state of exception before the exceptional

What Is Quality of Government? A Theory of Impartial Government Institutions

The recent growth in research on "good governance" and the quality of government institutions has been propelled by empirical findings that show that such institutions may hold the key to

The Emergency Constitution

Terrorist attacks will be a recurring part of our future. The balance of technology has shifted, making it possible for a small band of zealots to wreak devastation where we least expect it—not on a

Does Oil Hinder Democracy?

Some scholars suggest that the Middle East's oil wealth helps explain its failure to democratize. This article examines three aspects of this "oil impedes democracy" claim. First, is it true? Does

What does state of exception mean?

  • Matthias Lemke
  • Computer Science
    Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft
  • 2018
It is necessary, especially in analytical terms, to consider discursive and practical elements in order to adequately grasp the state of exception.

The V-Dem Measurement Model: Latent Variable Analysis for Cross-National and Cross-Temporal Expert-Coded Data

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, the Swedish Research Council, and the University of Gothenburg as well as internal grants from the Vice-Chancellor's office, the Dean of the College of Social Sciences and the Department of Political Science at University of Gethenburg.

V-Dem Codebook V8

All variables that V-Dem is compiling are included in the Codebook.