Autocratic Elections: Stabilizing Tool or Force for Change?

@article{Knutsen2017AutocraticES,
  title={Autocratic Elections: Stabilizing Tool or Force for Change?},
  author={Carl Henrik Knutsen and H{\aa}vard Mokleiv Nyg{\aa}rd and Tore Wig},
  journal={World Politics},
  year={2017},
  volume={69},
  pages={143 - 98}
}
Do elections reduce or increase the risk of autocratic regime breakdown? This article addresses this contested question by distinguishing between election events and the institution of elections. The authors propose that elections stabilize autocracies in the long term but at the price of short-term instability. Elections are conducive to regime survival in the long run because they improve capacities for co-optation and repression but produce short-term instability because they serve as focal… 
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