Autobiographic memory impairment following acute cortisol administration

  title={Autobiographic memory impairment following acute cortisol administration},
  author={Claudia Buss and Oliver Tobias Wolf and Joern Witt and Dirk H. Hellhammer},

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Cortisol differentially affects memory in young and elderly men.
Cortisol reduced recall from the word list learned before treatment in both groups but did not influence recall of the list learned after treatment, and Digit Span performance was decreased by cortisol in young but not elderly participants.
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Stress and Memory: Opposing Effects of Glucocorticoids on Memory Consolidation and Memory Retrieval
  • B. Roozendaal
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The hypothesis is proposed that these apparently dual effects of glucocorticoids on memory consolidation and memory retrieval might be related and that the basolateral complex of the amygdala is a key structure in a memory-modulatory system that regulates, in concert with other brain regions, stress and glucOCorticoid effects on both memory consolidationand memory retrieval.
Glucocorticoid‐induced impairment of declarative memory retrieval is associated with reduced blood flow in the medial temporal lobe
The present results provide further evidence that acutely elevated glucocorticoid levels can impair declarative memory retrieval processes and suggest that such impairments may be related to a disturbance of medial temporal lobe function.
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Glucocorticoid-induced impairment in declarative memory performance in adult humans
Investigation of the cognitive consequences of DEX treatment in normal adult human subjects hypothesizing a decrease in declarative memory performance after extended but not overnight treatment found correct paragraph recall improved over the course of treatment, consistent with practice.
Psychological stress impairs spatial working memory: relevance to electrophysiological studies of hippocampal function.
Stress appears to induce a transient disruption of hippocampal function, which is revealed behaviorally as retrograde amnesia and physiologically as a blockade of synaptic plasticity.
Specificity of autobiographical memories in depression: an analysis of retrieval processes in a think-aloud task.
Results show that, instead of retrieving specific memories, depressed patients tend to produce sequences of consecutive categoric memories, which may contribute to the maintenance of an overgeneral retrieval style.
[Episodic memory: from mind to brain].
  • E. Tulving
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    Revue neurologique
  • 2004
This chapter provides a brief history of the concept of episodic memory, describes how it has changed (indeed greatly changed) since its inception, considers criticisms of it, and discusses supporting evidence provided by neuropsychological studies of patterns of memory impairment caused by brain damage, and functional neuroimaging studies of pattern of brain activity of normal subjects engaged in various memory tasks.
The hippocampus mediates glucocorticoid-induced impairment of spatial memory retrieval: Dependence on the basolateral amygdala
The findings indicate that the effects of glucocorticoids on retrieval of long-term spatial memory depend on the hippocampus and, additionally, that neuronal input from the BLA is critical in enabling hippocampal glucOCorticoid effects on memory retrieval.