Autism spectrum disorder

@article{Lord2018AutismSD,
  title={Autism spectrum disorder},
  author={Catherine Lord and Mayada Elsabbagh and Gillian Baird and Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2018},
  volume={392},
  pages={508-520}
}

Autism spectrum disorder

TLDR
This Primer by Lord and colleagues reviews the epidemiology, mechanisms, clinical detection and treatment of autism and identifies the long-term needs of people with autism.

Long-term outcome of autism spectrum disorder

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In creating a dignified future for people with autism, the authors must never forget to listen to their point of view, whenever possible, in order to meet their particular needs.

CE: From the CDC: Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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The authors discuss the risk factors for ASD, its epidemiology, common concurrent conditions, evaluation, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes.

A Case Study in Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • J. Goraya
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  • 2020
TLDR
A case study is presented to highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of autism spectrum disorder and shows how a multidisciplinary team approach is needed to optimize the outcomes.

Early Prediction and Evaluation of Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders

TLDR
The aim of this review article is to increase awareness of the problem of autism and provide scientifically relevant information about the etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, and management of ASD.

Autism spectrum disorder and kidney disease

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Practical approaches for providing care are discussed, which include understanding methods of communication and sensory, behavioural and environmental adaptations, and emerging evidence that ASD and kidney disease have some overlaps with genetic copy number variants and environmental factors contributing to shared pathogenesis.

Autism in Adulthood: Clinical and Demographic Characteristics of a Cohort of Five Hundred Persons with Autism Analyzed by a Novel Multistep Network Model

TLDR
The findings indicate that the development of public centers specialized in assisting and treating PWA can improve the accuracy of ASD diagnosis in adulthood and foster specific habilitative interventions aimed to improve the quality of life of both PWA and their families.

A Delayed Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Setting of Complex Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

TLDR
This case describes a minority adolescent male patient who presented initially with complex ADHD, who upon extensive evaluation, was ultimately diagnosed with co-existing autism, demonstrating how symptoms of inattention or hyperactivity may convolute underlying or newly emerging social interaction difficulties.

Autism spectrum disorder.

  • L. Mottron
  • Psychology, Biology
    Handbook of clinical neurology
  • 2020

For Better or for Worse? Later Diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Some Younger Siblings of Already Diagnosed Children.

  • C. Lord
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 2018
...

References

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Autism Spectrum Disorders — Diagnosis and Management

TLDR
Assessment comprises of a step-wise approach that includes taking a detailed history, performing a holistic examination and observing the child closely in relation to play, social interaction and behavior, which identifies an individual’s strengths and weaknesses.

Management of autism in children and young people: summary of NICE and SCIE guidance

TLDR
The most recent joint recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the Social Care Institute for Excellence on managing autism in children and young people are summarized.

Autistic spectrum disorders: A review of clinical features, theories and diagnosis

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The Evolving Diagnostic and Genetic Landscapes of Autism Spectrum Disorder

TLDR
The parallel evolution of the diagnostic and genetic understanding of autism spectrum disorders are discussed, and recent attempts to infer common biology underlying this complicated syndrome are highlighted.

An Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Heterogeneity and Treatment Options

TLDR
This review provides a broad overview of the history, prevalence, etiology, clinical presentation, and heterogeneity of ASD and explores the potential of a new wave of research examining objective biomarkers to facilitate the evaluation of sub-typing, diagnosis, and treatment response in ASD.

The Genetics of Autism Spectrum Disorders

TLDR
Three approaches to identifying genetic factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of ASDs are reviewed: common variants and genome-wide association studies (GWAS); 2) rare variants and copy number variation (CNV) studies, and 3) familial forms of autism and the role of next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods.

Recent update of autism spectrum disorders

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TLDR
Pediatricians need to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of ASDs and be attentive to them in order to make an early diagnosis and provide treatment.

IQ in children with autism spectrum disorders: data from the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP)

TLDR
In this epidemiological sample, ASD was less strongly associated with intellectual disability than traditionally held and there was only limited evidence of a distinctive IQ profile.

Network inefficiencies in autism spectrum disorder at 24 months

TLDR
Delays or deficits in infants with ASD in the optimization of both local and global aspects of network structure in regions involved in processing auditory and visual stimuli, language and nonlinguistic social stimuli are suggested.

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TLDR
This report provides updated ASD prevalence estimates from the 2008 surveillance year, representing 14 ADDM areas in the United States and characteristics of the population of children with ASDs are described, as well as detailed comparisons of the 2008 findings with those for the 2002 and 2006 surveillance years.
...