Authoritarian emigration states: Soft power and cross-border mobility in the Middle East

  title={Authoritarian emigration states: Soft power and cross-border mobility in the Middle East},
  author={Gerasimos Tsourapas},
  journal={International Political Science Review},
  pages={400 - 416}
  • G. Tsourapas
  • Published 2018
  • Economics
  • International Political Science Review
Can labor emigration form part of a state’s foreign policy goals? The relevant literature links emigration to states’ developmental needs, which does not explain why some states choose to economically subsidize their citizens’ emigration. This article explores for the first time the soft power importance of high-skilled emigration from authoritarian emigration states. It finds that the Egyptian state under Gamal Abdel Nasser employed labor emigration for two distinct purposes linked to broader… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The long arm of the Arab state
ABSTRACT Under what conditions do authoritarian states exercise control over populations abroad? The securitization of cross-border mobility has been a common theme in examining immigration policiesExpand
Theorizing state-diaspora relations in the Middle East: Authoritarian emigration states in comparative perspective
ABSTRACT Recent scholarly interest in the politics of migration and diaspora across the Global South has yet to address how authoritarian states attempt to reach out to populations abroad. In anExpand
Migration Diplomacy in World Politics
Academic and policy debates on migration and refugee ‘crises’ across the world have yet to fully engage with the importance of cross-border population mobility for states’ diplomatic strategies. ThisExpand
Migration diplomacy in the Gulf – non-state actors, cross-border mobility, and the United Arab Emirates
ABSTRACT What is the role of non-state actors in the international politics of labour migration in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries? This paper employs a ‘migration diplomacy’ framework inExpand
How do countries of origin engage migrants and diasporas? Multiple actors and comparative perspectives
The relationship of states to populations beyond their borders is of increasing interest to those seeking to understand the international politics of migration. This introduction to the special issueExpand
Positive and Negative Diaspora Governance in Context: From Public Diplomacy to Transnational Authoritarianism
Abstract: The diaspora studies literature recently has indicated an expansion in state-led diaspora engagement initiatives and burgeoning diaspora governance institutions around the world. HomeExpand
Conducting Comparative Migration Research in MENA: Are the Regional Countries too Unique or too Similar for Comparisons of Refugee Policies?
The paper argues that the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are neither too unique nor too similar for conducting comparative migration research. However, the systematic review ofExpand
The North Korean Diaspora
Introduction The past two decades has witnessed the development of a new phenomenon: a small but growing globally dispersed population of North Koreans, individuals who have left North Korea sinceExpand
Nepali Migrant Workers amid Covid-19 in Major Destination Countries: A Human Security Approach
The global outbreak of novel corona virus has exposed a severe crisis and threat in the human security of the thousands of Nepali workers abroad It has challenged a rather limited conception andExpand
The Repertoire of Extraterritorial Repression: Diasporas and Home States
This article scrutinises the extraterritorial repression strategies of contemporary non-democracies, as evidenced by the Turkish Justice and Development Party’s efforts to purge the Gulen MovementExpand


Diaspora, Development, and Democracy: The Domestic Impact of International Migration from India
What happens to a country when its skilled workers emigrate? The first book to examine the complex economic, social, and political effects of emigration on India, Diaspora, Development, and DemocracyExpand
Migration diplomacy in the Global South: cooperation, coercion and issue linkage in Gaddafi’s Libya
Abstract Despite a recent resurgence in research on the politics of migration, foreign policy analysts have yet to approach cross-border population mobility as a distinct field of inquiry.Expand
The shift in Egypt's migration policy: 1952–1978
A major socio-economic and political reality of the seventies in the Arab World is the increasing migration of Egyptian manpower, workers and professionals of all kinds, to Arab countries, inExpand
Why Do States Develop Multi-tier Emigrant Policies? Evidence from Egypt
Why do states vary their policies towards their citizens abroad, and why are some emigrant groups treated preferentially to others? The literature on the politics of international migration has yetExpand
Extraterritorial authoritarian practices: a framework
ABSTRACT This introduction to the Special Issue on ‘Authoritarian rule of populations abroad’ develops a new theory to better understand how authoritarian rule is exercised over populations abroadExpand
Diaspora Politics: Ethnic Linkages, Foreign Policy, and Security in Eurasia
When and why does ethnicity matter in international relations? When do states founded on a preexisting cultural community act to protect the interests of co-ethnic populations living abroad? TheExpand
The Emerging Migration State 1
Since 1945, immigration in the core industrial democracies has been increasing. The rise in immigration is a function of market forces (demand-pull and supply-push) and kinship networks, which reduceExpand
Emigration nations : policies and ideologies of emigrant engagement
1. Introduction: Locating and narrating emigration nations Michael Collyer 2. 'Albania: EURO1' or the Story of 'Big Policies, Small Outcomes': How Albania Constructs and Engages its Diaspora JulieExpand
The emerging migration state
Since 1945 immigration in the core industrial democracies has been increasing. The rise in immigration is a function of market forces (demand-pull and supply-push) and kinship networks, which reduceExpand
The emigration state and the modern geopolitical imagination
This article systematically reviews how a large number of states relate to their diasporas. It shows how states constitute various extra-territorial groups as members of a loyal diaspora, through aExpand