Australian carybdeid jellyfish causing "Irukandji syndrome".

  title={Australian carybdeid jellyfish causing "Irukandji syndrome".},
  author={James Tibballs and Ran Li and Heath Tibballs and Lisa-ann Gershwin and Kenneth Winkel},
  journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology},
  volume={59 6},
  • J. TibballsRan Li K. Winkel
  • Published 1 May 2012
  • Medicine
  • Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology

Biology and ecology of Irukandji jellyfish (Cnidaria: Cubozoa).

Jellyfish Stings and Their Management: A Review

There seems to be evidence and consensus on oral/topical analgesics, hot water and ice packs as effective painkillers and on 30 s application of domestic vinegar to prevent further discharge of unfired nematocysts remaining on the skin.

In depth analysis of the in vivo toxicity of venom from the jellyfish Stomolophus meleagris.

Comparative Evaluation of Polyclonal Antibodies in the Characterization of Nematocyst Proteins from Australian Irukandji and Chironex fleckeri Species

Immunoblot assays revealed distinc levels of immune recognition across the three species, indicating that Mk specific reagents may bind both Irukandji and Cf venoms, and the implications of such antibody binding for future antivenom development require further investigation.

Envenomation with Skin Manifestations and Treatments

This review focuses on Jellyfish toxins, symptoms and treatment after sting in order to reduce treatment time, improve the survival rate for medical providers and to set a reference for follow-up study.

Raising Awareness on the Clinical and Forensic Aspects of Jellyfish Stings: A Worldwide Increasing Threat

The state-of-the-art regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and relevant clinical and forensic aspects of jellyfish stings are reviewed to justify the increased number of cases, especially due to climate changes.

[Marine envenomation by box-jellyfish in a tourist in Cambodia].

Travelers should be aware of the first acts to perform, such as appropriate cleaning of the wound, the interest of vinegar usage, the administration of analgesics and corticosteroids in case of significant inflammatory signs.

Toxic jellyfish in Thailand.

Educational programmes should be provided to locals including school children, teachers, hotel and tour operators, and medical staff to greatly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with fatal stings.

[Jellyfish sting injuries].

  • D. Mebs
  • Medicine
    Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • 2014
Among the injuries and envenoming symptoms caused by marine organisms, jellyfish dermatitis should not be underestimated.

Allergic shock caused by ingestion of cooked jellyfish

A case of allergic shock being caused by ingestion of cooked salt-preserved jellyfish shortly after being stung by a live jellyfish is reported in China.



The Irukandji syndrome. A devastating syndrome caused by a north Australian jellyfish.

The updated current state of information on the ecology of jellyfish causing the Irukandji syndrome is described, the new symptoms are introduced, and some treatment regimens that may be effective are discussed.

Jellyfish responsible for Irukandji syndrome.

Patients suffer severe pain, as demonstrated by the adult patients in this series requiring a mean dose equivalent to 42mg of morphine, and there have been case reports of patients developing life-threatening cardiac failure requiring intubation and inotropic support.

In reply: Fatal envenomation by jellyfish causing Irukandji syndrome

TO THE EDITOR: Interpretation of the report describing the first death attributed to the Irukandji syndrome should be tempered by the fact that significant unstated assumptions have been made in

Fatal envenomation by jellyfish causing Irukandji syndrome

  • P. Bailey
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2003
TO THE EDITOR: Interpretation of the report describing the first death attributed to the Irukandji syndrome should be tempered by the fact that significant unstated assumptions have been made in

Box jellyfish antivenom and “Irukandji” stings

Box jeUyfish antivenom and"Irukandji" stings, and multi-antibiotic-resistant Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis in Western Australia.

Malo kingi : A new species of Irukandji jellyfish (Cnidaria: Cubozoa: Carybdeida), possibly lethal to humans, from Queensland, Australia

Much additional work is needed to better understand the general biology of this and other dangerous species so as to prevent further fatalities, debilitating illnesses, and threats to the tourism industry resulting from the marine stinger problem.

Jellyfish Antivenoms: Past, Present, and Future

The recognition of the life‐threatening effects of various other jellyfish demonstrates the need for broadening the specificity of the existing product and/or developing additional specific jellyfish antivenom, and the role of ancillary drug therapy, in addition to, or instead of, antivenoms remains controversial.

Clinical toxicology: a tropical Australian perspective.

  • B. Currie
  • Environmental Science
    Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • 2000
Tropical Australia has an amazing diversity of venomous fauna, from "the world's most venomous creature," the multi-tentacled (chirodropid) box jellyfish Chironex fleckeri, to aggressive spiders

Thirty cases of Irukandji envenomation from far north Queensland

The Irukandji jelly fish (Carukin ban1esi) is responsible for a significant number of envenomations in northern Australia during the summer. Emergency physicians in these coastal areas frequently