Australian Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) Oil Poisoning in Three Purebred Cats

  title={Australian Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) Oil Poisoning in Three Purebred Cats},
  author={Karl Bischoff and F G Guale},
  journal={Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation},
  pages={208 - 210}
  • K. Bischoff, F. Guale
  • Published 1 April 1998
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
5. Enzinger FH, Weiss SW: 1988, Soft tissue tumors, pp. 781– 815. CV Mosby, St. Louis, MO. 6. Erlandson RA: 1985, Peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Ultrastruct Pathol 9:113–122. 7. Johnston RC, Anderson WI, Luther PB, et al.: 1988, Multicentric schwannoma in a mature Holstein cow. Vet Rec 123: 649–650. 8. Jubb KVF, Huxtable CR: 1993, The nervous system. In: Pathology of domestic animals, ed. Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC, Palmer ND, 4th ed., pp. 267–439. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 9. Ramsay EC, Munson… 
Acute tea tree oil intoxication in a pet cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus): a case report
The first case of Tea tree oil intoxication in a pet bird is described, and it is hoped that this first case report can be an initial aid in the knowledge of this potential toxicosis and therefore in the clinical veterinary practice of pet birds.
Concentrated tea tree oil toxicosis in dogs and cats: 443 cases (2002-2012).
Intentional or accidental use of 100% TTO in dogs or cats caused serious signs of CNS depression, paresis, ataxia, or tremors within hours after exposure and lasting up to 3 days.
A review of the toxicity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil.
Recent Advancements in the Control of Cat Fleas
This review covers the recent advancements in the control of cat fleas and provides an update of newer and non-conventional approaches to control cat flea.
A pair of ball pythons developed neurologic and skin alterations after being sprayed with a commercial mite repellent containing tea tree and citronella oil, and tea tree oil intoxication was considered the most likely cause of the demise of the two animals.
Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil: a Review of Antimicrobial and Other Medicinal Properties
This review summarizes recent developments in understanding of the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities of the tea tree oil and its components, as well as clinical efficacy.
Caveat Emptor: Safety Considerations for Natural Products Used in Arthropod Control
Interest in natural products is growing rapidly, and shows no sign of abating. Sales of dietary supplements alone (not even including all herbal remedies) increased from 3.3 billion dollars in 1990
Adverse reactions from essential oil-containing natural flea products exempted from Environmental Protection Agency regulations in dogs and cats.
The number of reports of exposure in cats was higher than dogs, but the frequency of reported adverse effects was similar between the 2 species, and dogs can experience significant adverse effects when exposed to plant-derived flea preventatives even when used according to label directions.


Lasalocid Toxicosis in Neonatal Calves
1. Asakawa Y, Toyota M, Ishida T: 1988, Biotransformation of 1,4cineole, a monoterpene ether, into Melaleuca alternifolia and related essential oils applied topically on dogs and cats.
Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia
The essential oil of M. alternifolia, or tea tree oil, has enjoyed increased medicinal use in recent years and is composed of a complex mixture of monoterpenes, 1‐terpinen‐4‐ol, cineole and other hydrocarbons.
Tea tree oil poisoning
  • C. Elliott
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1993
To the Editor: In a recent issue of the Journal, Dr Mak described an interesting case of recurrent bacterial meningitis in an Aboriginal man with chronic strongyloidiasis, but there was no need to label this a case of hyper infection.
A retrospective study of neoplasia in a collection of captive snakes
A retrospective study of neoplasia in a collection of snake necropsies, medical records, and inventory records at the Sacramento Zoo was conducted due to the large number ofNeoplasms observed in 1991, which increased dramatically from 1988 to 1991.
Toxicity of Insecticides and Skin Care Products of Botanical Origin.
Toxicoses associated with products which are derived from plants and then used as insecticides and skin care/grooming aids on animals, are reviewed andBathing with a mild detergent, treatment of associated signs, and providing supportive care are usually adequate therapy for these toxicoses.
Toxicity of melaleuca oil and related essential oils applied topically on dogs and cats.
Treatment of clinical signs and supportive care has been sufficient to achieve recovery without sequelae within 2-3 d, and in most cases, the oil was used to treat dermatologic conditions at inappropriate high doses.
Melaleuca oil poisoning.
This case report suggests that ingestion of a modest amount of a concentrated form of this oil may produce signs of toxicity.
A 17-mo-old male who ingested less than 10 ml of the oil and developed ataxia and drowsiness and should be aware of potential toxicity from this product.
Hib meningitis immediately after vaccination
This patient had swallowed tea tree oil as protection against symptoms of the common cold, stating that he found it very effective although, occasionally, he had developed itchy palms.
Biotransformation of 1,4-cineole, a monoterpene ether.
1. The metabolism of 1,4-cineole, a monoterpene ether, was studied in the rabbit. 2. Four neutral and one acidic metabolites were isolated from the urine and shown to be 9-hydroxy-1,4-cineole,