Australia's Ancient Warriors: Changing Depictions of Fighting in the Rock Art of Arnhem Land, N.T.

@article{Taon1994AustraliasAW,
  title={Australia's Ancient Warriors: Changing Depictions of Fighting in the Rock Art of Arnhem Land, N.T.},
  author={Paul S. C. Taçon and C. Chippindale},
  journal={Cambridge Archaeological Journal},
  year={1994},
  volume={4},
  pages={211 - 248}
}
Depictions of battle scenes, skirmishes and hand-to-hand combat are rare in hunter-gatherer art and when they do occur most often result from contact with agriculturalist or industrialized invaders. In the Arnhem Land region of the Northern Territory of Australia we have been documenting rare depictions of fighting and are able to show that there has been a long tradition of warrior art. At least three phases have been identified and in each of them groups of hunter-gatherers are shown in… 

A war-prone tribe migrated out of Africa to populate the world.

TLDR
The data implicate that the entire human population outside Africa is descended from only two closely related sub-branches of L3 that practiced ritual fighting and probably had a higher propensity towards warfare and the use of murder for conflict resolution, which may have crucially influenced the subsequent history of the world.

Vanished Wars of Australia: the Archeological Invisibility of Aboriginal Collective Conflicts

In the debate concerning the existence of collective armed conflict before the advent of agriculture and the emergence of wealth differentiation, Australia—a continent entirely occupied by economic

Visions of Dynamic Power: Archaic Rock-paintings, Altered States of Consciousness and ‘Clever Men’ in Western Arnhem Lane (NT), Australia

The Dynamic figures are a distinctive component in the earlier rock-art of western Arnhem Land, north Australia. They include therianthropic (hybrid human–animal) images. Recent vision experience

The archaeology of western Arnhem Land’s rock art

Western Arnhem Land, in the Top End of Australia’s Northern Territory, holds a special place in the history of Australian archaeology. Over 65 years of research since the late 1940s has led to

Culture in Early Aboriginal Australia

  • J. Flood
  • History
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 1996
On the basis of recent archaeological evidence it seems that humans first entered the Australian continent about 60,000 years ago. These first ocean-going mariners had a high level of technological

Chronic problems in understanding tribal violence and warfare.

TLDR
The paper concludes with a summary of some of the main features of Yanomamö violence and warfare, based on the author's field research and publications up to 1990, and introduces new data and theoretical issues that are emerging from his most recent field studies since 1990.

Did Warfare Among Ancestral Hunter-Gatherers Affect the Evolution of Human Social Behaviors?

TLDR
A model of the evolutionary impact of between-group competition and a new data set that combines archaeological evidence on causes of death during the Late Pleistocene and early Holocene with ethnographic and historical reports on hunter-gatherer populations finds that the estimated level of mortality in intergroup conflicts would have had substantial effects, allowing the proliferation of group-beneficial behaviors that were quite costly to the individual altruist.

Warfare in prehistoric and early historic eastern North America

Recent criticisms of the use of historically and ethnographically recorded conflicts as models for warfare in prehistoric times force archaeologists to reexamine assumptions about the frequency,

Warfare in Prehistoric and Early Historic

Recent criticisms of the use of historically and ethnographically recorded conflicts as models for warfare in prehistoric times force archaeologists to reexamine assumptions about the frequency,

The interpretation of Australian heritage sites : Kakadu and Port Arthur

This thesis studies the presentation of Indigenous and non-Indigenous archaeological/heritage sites in Australia, exploring the ideology and management practices behind their presentation. The aim of
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 159 REFERENCES

By the hunter, for the gatherer: Art, social relations and subsistence change in the prehistoric Great Basin

Abstract The western Great Basin witnessed a transition from generalized hunting and gathering to a strategy emphasizing seed gathering at c. AD 1200. This was matched by accelerated production of

Regionalism in the recent rock art of western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory

For at least a thousand years various areas within western Arnhem Land have been associated with a relative abundance of freshwater food resources. Aboriginal groups were thus able to subsist within

Trends in the Hunter-Gatherer Rock Art of Western Europe and Australia

  • R. Layton
  • Art
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • 1991
Rock art associated with modern human populations has a comparable antiquity in Western Europe and Australia (table 1). In Western Europe personal adornment, human and animal statuettes and some

Ancestral Connections: Art and an Aboriginal System of Knowledge

"Ancestral Connections" unlocks the inner meaning of Australian Aboriginal bark painting. Drawing on more than ten years of fieldwork among the Yolngu--an Aboriginal people of Northeast Arnhem

War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression

  • K. Boulding
  • Political Science
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 1969
This volume is another by-product of the anguish of mind and spirit which the Vietnam war has produced among American intellectuals. It consists formally of 'the expanded text of prepared papers and

Images of war: A problem in San rock art research

Abstract Paintings of conflict are not uncommon in the rock art of southern Africa and are distributed over a wide area. A variety of weapons and forms of conflict are portrayed. These paintings can

Primitive Warfare and the Ratomorphic Image of Mankind

The most influential current explanations of preindustrial violence and warfare see it as determined by factors and forces entirely external to human beings and their motives and purposes. This

Dispute settlement and community conflict in prehistoric Australian Aboriginal populations: Skeletal evidence

Over the last fifteen years researchers studying Australian Aboriginal skeletal material have found depressed fractures to be common upon Aboriginal crania observed. Added to this are the many

FROM THE "DREAMTIME" TO THE PRESENT: THE CHANGING ROLE OF ABORIGINAL ROCK PAINTINGS IN WESTERN ARNHEM LAND, AUSTRALIA

RESUME The author reviews the history and style of Aboriginal rock art in western Arnhem Land, Australia, a history spanning several thousand years. Al- though the "x-ray" style is of particular

Prehistoric Art In Europe

Until around 10,000 BC art in Europe appears to have been in advance of the rest of the world and throws light on the total history of early man. The great masterpieces of cave-painting at Lascaux
...