Aurora A, Meiosis and Mitosis

@article{Crane2004AuroraAM,
  title={Aurora A, Meiosis and Mitosis},
  author={Richard F Crane and Bedrick B. Gadea and Laurie E. Littlepage and Hua Wu and Joan V. Ruderman},
  journal={Biology of the Cell},
  year={2004},
  volume={96}
}
A role for aurora A kinase in timely nuclear envelope breakdown
TLDR
The generation of an assay used to determine the extent of chromosome condensation using fluorescence time-lapse images as input allowed it to be determined that depletion of AIR-1 does not affect the onset or rate of chromosomes condensation, rather a specific delay in NEBD is seen.
The functional diversity of Aurora kinases: a comprehensive review
TLDR
Understanding the functional interplay of Aurora kinases in various types of human cells, including tumor cells, could help to evaluate their relevance as potential therapeutic targets in cancer.
The role of Aurora-A in cancer stem cells.
Novel E3 ligase component FBXL7 ubiquitinates and degrades Aurora A, causing mitotic arrest
TLDR
It is shown that a previously undescribed E3 ligase component belonging to the SCF (Skp-Cullin1-F-box protein) E3ligase family, SCFFBXL7, impairs cell proliferation by mediating Aurora A polyubiquitination and degradation.
A microtubule-independent role for centrosomes and aurora a in nuclear envelope breakdown.
Aurora kinase inhibitor ZM447439 blocks chromosome-induced spindle assembly, the completion of chromosome condensation, and the establishment of the spindle integrity checkpoint in Xenopus egg extracts.
TLDR
Results show that Aurora kinase activity is required to ensure the maintenance of condensed chromosomes, the generation of chromosome-induced spindle microtubules, and activation of the spindle integrity checkpoint.
Aurora kinase‐A regulates microtubule organizing center (MTOC) localization, chromosome dynamics, and histone‐H3 phosphorylation in mouse oocytes
TLDR
As a predominant isoform among Aurks in oocytes, AurkA plays critical roles in mouse oocyte meiosis by regulating spindle and chromosome dynamics.
Aurora C is directly associated with Survivin and required for cytokinesis
TLDR
Use of sensitive RT‐PCR to amplify the C‐terminal of Aurora C found that Aurora C is not only expressed highly in testis, but also among 16 other human tissues in a broad‐spectrum way, demonstrating that the member of the chromosomal passenger complex is required for cytokinesis.
Phosphorylation of MAP65-1 by Arabidopsis Aurora Kinases Is Required for Efficient Cell Cycle Progression1[OPEN]
Arabidopsis Aurora kinases phosphorylate MAP65-1 at its unfolded tail domain and dynamic switching of its phosphorylation status throughout mitosis is required for proper cell cycle progression
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References

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On the role of aurora-A in centrosome function
TLDR
This review focuses on aurora-A that starts to localize to centrosomes only in S phase as soon as centrioles have been duplicated, the protein is then degraded in early G1, indicating that the kinase is an oncogene.
The Aurora kinases: Role in cell transformation and tumorigenesis
TLDR
Abnormal elevated expression of Aurora kinases detected in human cancer cells could help explain the underlying biological mechanisms responsible for the development of many cellular phenotypes associated with malignant cells.
Involvement of Aurora A Kinase during Meiosis I-II Transition inXenopus Oocytes*
TLDR
It is concluded that Aurora A and Eg5 are involved in meiosis I to meiosis II transition in Xenopus oocytes.
APC/Fizzy‐Related targets Aurora‐A kinase for proteolysis
TLDR
It is shown that Aurora‐A increases at the G2–M transistion and disappears completely at G1 in XL2 cells, and is the first protein, at least in the assay system, that undergoes a D‐Box‐dependent degradation mediated by APC/Fizzy‐Related but not byAPC/fizzy.
Aurora B couples chromosome alignment with anaphase by targeting BubR1, Mad2, and Cenp-E to kinetochores
TLDR
It is shown that BubR1 is not only required for spindle checkpoint function, but is also required for chromosome alignment, which suggests that by targeting checkpoint proteins to kinetochores, Aurora B couples chromosome alignment with anaphase onset.
Roles of aurora‐A kinase in mitotic entry and G2 checkpoint in mammalian cells
TLDR
This work has shown that aurora‐A is a mammalian counterpart of aurora/Ipl1‐related kinases and is thought to be a potential oncogene, and the regulation of Aurora‐A activation and the commitment in the progression of G2‐M phase are largely unknown in mammalian cells.
Biphasic Activation of Aurora-A Kinase during the Meiosis I- Meiosis II Transition in Xenopus Oocytes
TLDR
This biphasic pattern of Aurora-A activation mirrored that of MPF activation and hence may explain meiosis I arrest by the constitutively activated Myr-Aurora-A, generated by engineering a myristylation signal at its N terminus.
Identification of a new APC/C recognition domain, the A box, which is required for the Cdh1-dependent destruction of the kinase Aurora-A during mitotic exit.
TLDR
Results suggest that dephosphorylation of serine 53 during mitotic exit could control the timing of Aur-A destruction, allowing recognition of both the A box and D box by Cdh1-activated APC/C.
The centrosome-associated Aurora/Ipl-like kinase family.
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