Auricular transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) reduces phantom limb pain.

@article{Katz1991AuricularTE,
  title={Auricular transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) reduces phantom limb pain.},
  author={Joel Katz and Ronald Melzack},
  journal={Journal of pain and symptom management},
  year={1991},
  volume={6 2},
  pages={73-83}
}
The present paper evaluates the efficacy of low frequency, high intensity auricular transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the relief of phantom limb pain. Auricular TENS was compared with a no-stimulation placebo condition using a controlled crossover design in a group of amputees with (1) phantom limb pain (Group PLP), (2) nonpainful phantom limb sensations (Group PLS), and (3) no phantom limb at all (Group No PL). Small, but significant, reductions in the intensity of… CONTINUE READING

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