Augmented reality navigation in open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma resection with hemihepatectomy using video-based in situ three-dimensional anatomical modeling

  title={Augmented reality navigation in open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma resection with hemihepatectomy using video-based in situ three-dimensional anatomical modeling},
  author={Rui Tang and Longfei Ma and CanHong Xiang and Xue-dong Wang and Ang Li and Hongen Liao and Jiahong Dong},
Rationale: Patients who undergo hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCAC) resection with concomitant hepatectomy have a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality due to surgical trauma to the hepatic and biliary vasculature. Patient concerns: A 58-year-old Chinese man with yellowing skin and sclera, abdominal distension, pruritus, and anorexia for approximately 3 weeks. Diagnoses: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed a mass over the… 

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