Augmentation of the failed pharyngeal flap.


Pharyngeal flaps are frequently used with good results to eliminate hypernasality and/or nasal escape. In a small percentage of patients, however, cicatricial contracture of the flap occurs to such a degree that velopharyngeal incompetence returns. The authors have devised a method of augmenting the scarred flap with small, superiorly based flaps lateral… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Friedman1992AugmentationOT, title={Augmentation of the failed pharyngeal flap.}, author={Harold Ira Friedman and Paul C Haines and G N Coston and Earl D Lett and Milton T. Edgerton}, journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery}, year={1992}, volume={90 2}, pages={314-8} }